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Documenter le système vigésimal et sa contrepartie décimale (70-80-90) en français et dans les dialectes galloromans

Abstract : This article focuses on the historical competition between soixante-dix, quatre-vingt and quatre-vingt-dix (respectively “seventy”, “eighty”, “ninety”) (“vigesimal” forms) and septante, octante/huitante and nonante (“decimal” forms) in French and Gallo-Romance. First, it challenges the myth that decimal forms are more archaic, for they were actually rather scarce in the Middle Ages; then it studies the geography and vitality of the decimal forms in modern French. The areology of these two series of cardinal numbers in the dialects is illustrated with data from the ALF, as well as unpublished material from the GPSR and the ALW. The overall portrait shows that the vigesimal forms have always dominated, in French as well as in Gallo-Romance.
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Mathieu Avanzi, André Thibault. Documenter le système vigésimal et sa contrepartie décimale (70-80-90) en français et dans les dialectes galloromans. Langages, Armand Colin (Larousse jusqu'en 2003), 2019, Français, dialectes galloromans et di(a)glossie, pp.89-106. ⟨10.3917/lang.215.0089⟩. ⟨hal-02531919⟩

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