Allogeneic stem cell transplantation for peripheral T cell lymphomas: a retrospective study in 285 patients from the Société Francophone de Greffe de Moelle et de Thérapie Cellulaire (SFGM-TC) - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Hematology and Oncology Year : 2020

Allogeneic stem cell transplantation for peripheral T cell lymphomas: a retrospective study in 285 patients from the Société Francophone de Greffe de Moelle et de Thérapie Cellulaire (SFGM-TC)

Patrice Chevallier
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 988133
Edouard Forcade
Mohamad Mohty
Régis Peffault de Latour
Stéphanie Nguyen

Abstract

Background: Peripheral T cell lymphomas form a heterogeneous group with a usually dismal prognostic. The place of allogeneic stem cell transplantation to treat PTCL is debated. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the overall survival (OS), event-free survival (EFS), relapse, and transplant-related mortality (TRM) and associated variables in 285 adults with non-primary cutaneous PTCL (PCTL-NOS (39%), angioimmunoblastic T cell lymphomas (29%), anaplastic T cell lymphomas (15%), and other subtypes (17%)), who received alloSCT in 34 centers between 2006 and 2014. Results: AlloSCT was given as part of front-line therapy (n = 138) to 93 patients in first complete response (CR) and 45 in first partial response (PR), and of salvage therapy (n = 147) to 116 patients for second or more CR/PR and 31 for progressive disease. Reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) was given to 172 patients (62%), while 107 (38%) received myeloablative conditioning (MAC). The median follow-up was 72.4 months. The 2- and 4-year OS were 65% and 59%, respectively, and the cumulative incidence of relapse was 18% after 1 year and 19% after 2 years. TRM was 21% at 1 year, 24% after 2 years, and 28% after 4 years. In multivariate analysis, grade III-IV acute GvHD (HR = 2.57, 95% CI 1.53-4.31; p = 0.00036), low Karnofsky score < 80% (HR = 5.14, 95% CI 2.02-13.06; p = 0.00058), and progressive disease status before transplant (HR = 2.21, 95% CI 1.25-3.89; p = 0.0062) were significantly associated with a reduced OS. Conclusions: The data demonstrate in the largest retrospective cohort of non-cutaneous PTCL so far reported that alloSCT after RIC or MAC is an effective strategy, even in chemoresistant patients.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
s13045-020-00892-4.pdf (655.49 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Publication funded by an institution
Loading...

Dates and versions

hal-02869718 , version 1 (16-06-2020)

Identifiers

Cite

Anne-Claire Mamez, Axelle Dupont, Didier Blaise, Patrice Chevallier, Edouard Forcade, et al.. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation for peripheral T cell lymphomas: a retrospective study in 285 patients from the Société Francophone de Greffe de Moelle et de Thérapie Cellulaire (SFGM-TC). Journal of Hematology and Oncology, 2020, 13 (1), pp.56. ⟨10.1186/s13045-020-00892-4⟩. ⟨hal-02869718⟩
100 View
53 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More