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Genetic diversity and phenotypic plasticity of AHL-mediated Quorum sensing in environmental strains of Vibrio mediterranei

Abstract : N-Acyl homoserine lactone (AHL)-mediated Quorum sensing (QS) is one of the most studied social behavior among Proteobacteria. However, despite the current knowledge on QS-associated phenotypes such as bioluminescence, biofilm formation, or pathogenesis, the characterization of environmental factors driving QS in realistic ecological settings remains scarce. We investigated the dynamics of AHL and AHL-producing Vibrio among 840 isolates collected fortnightly from the Salses-Leucate Mediterranean lagoon in spring and summer 2015 and 2016. Vibrio isolates were characterized by gyrB gene sequencing, Enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus polymerase chain reaction, and genome sequencing, and AHL production was investigated by a biosensors-based UHPLC–HRMS/MS approach. Our results revealed, for the first time, a succession of V. mediterranei isolates with different AHL production phenotypes over time and this dynamics was observed in a single genotype (average genomic nucleotide identity >99.9). A multivariate DistLM analysis revealed that 83.4% of the temporal variation of V. mediterranei QS phenotypes was explained by environmental variables. Overall, our results suggest that isolates of a single genotype are able to change their QS phenotypes in response to environmental conditions, highlighting the phenotypic plasticity of bacterial communication in the environment.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 30, 2020 - 4:10:48 PM
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Léa Girard, François Lantoine, Raphaël Lami, Florence Vouve, Marcelino Suzuki, et al.. Genetic diversity and phenotypic plasticity of AHL-mediated Quorum sensing in environmental strains of Vibrio mediterranei. ISME Journal, Nature Publishing Group, 2019, 13 (1), pp.159-169. ⟨10.1038/s41396-018-0260-4⟩. ⟨hal-02909556⟩

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