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Journal Articles Physical Review Research Year : 2021

Optimal quantum-programmable projective measurements with coherent states

Abstract

We consider a device which can be programed using coherent states of light to approximate a given projective measurement on an input coherent state. We provide and discuss three practical implementations of this programmable projective measurement device with linear optics, involving only balanced beam splitters and single photon threshold detectors. The three schemes optimally approximate any projective measurement onto a program coherent state. We further extend these to the case where there are no assumptions on the input state. In this setting, we show that our scheme enables an efficient verification of an unbounded untrusted source with only local coherent states, balanced beam splitters, and threshold detectors. Exploiting the link between programmable measurements and generalized swap test, we show as a direct application that our schemes provide an asymptotically quadratic improvement in existing quantum fingerprinting protocol to approximate the Euclidean distance between two unit vectors.

Dates and versions

hal-02997002 , version 1 (09-11-2020)

Identifiers

Cite

Niraj Kumar, Ulysse Chabaud, Elham Kashefi, Damian Markham, Eleni Diamanti. Optimal quantum-programmable projective measurements with coherent states. Physical Review Research, 2021, 3 (4), pp.043035. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevResearch.3.043035⟩. ⟨hal-02997002⟩
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