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Journal Articles Cancer/Radiothérapie Year : 2020

Radiotherapy of non-tumoral refractory neurological pathologies


Intracranial radiotherapy has been improved, primarily because of the development of stereotactic approaches. While intracranial stereotactic body radiotherapy is mainly indicated for treatment of benign or malignant tumors, this procedure is also effective in the management of other neurological pathologies; it is delivered using GammaKnife ® and linear accelerators. Thus, brain arteriovenous malformations in patients who are likely to experience permanent neurological sequelae can be managed by single session intracranial stereotactic body radiotherapy, or radiosurgery, in specific situations, with an advantageous benefit/risk ratio. Radiosurgery can be recommended for patients with disabling symptoms, which are poorly controlled by medication, such as trigeminal neuralgia, and tremors, whether they are essential or secondary to Parkinson's disease. This literature review aims at defining the place of intracranial stereotactic body radiotherapy in the management of patients suffering from non-tumoral refractory neurological pathologies. It is clear that the multidisciplinary collaboration of experienced teams from Neurosurgery, Neurology, Neuroradiology, Radiation Oncology and Medical Physics is needed for the procedures using high precision radiotherapy techniques which deliver high doses to locations near functional brain areas.


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hal-03114540 , version 1 (19-01-2021)



Julian Jacob, N. Reyns, C.-A. Valéry, L. Feuvret, J.-M. Simon, et al.. Radiotherapy of non-tumoral refractory neurological pathologies. Cancer/Radiothérapie, 2020, 24 (6-7), pp.523-533. ⟨10.1016/j.canrad.2020.06.012⟩. ⟨hal-03114540⟩
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