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Multi-model Meteorological and Aeolian Predictions for Mars 2020 and the Jezero Crater Region

Abstract : Nine simulations are used to predict the meteorology and aeolian activity of the Mars 2020 landing site region. Predicted seasonal variations of pressure and surface and atmospheric temperature generally agree. Minimum and maximum pressure is predicted at Ls∼145∘ and 250∘ , respectively. Maximum and minimum surface and atmospheric temperature are predicted at Ls∼180∘ and 270∘ , respectively; i.e., are warmest at northern fall equinox not summer solstice. Daily pressure cycles vary more between simulations, possibly due to differences in atmospheric dust distributions. Jezero crater sits inside and close to the NW rim of the huge Isidis basin, whose daytime upslope (∼east-southeasterly) and nighttime downslope (∼northwesterly) winds are predicted to dominate except around summer solstice, when the global circulation produces more southerly wind directions. Wind predictions vary hugely, with annual maximum speeds varying from 11 to 19ms−1 and daily mean wind speeds peaking in the first half of summer for most simulations but in the second half of the year for two. Most simulations predict net annual sand transport toward the WNW, which is generally consistent with aeolian observations, and peak sand fluxes in the first half of summer, with the weakest fluxes around winter solstice due to opposition between the global circulation and daytime upslope winds. However, one simulation predicts transport toward the NW, while another predicts fluxes peaking later and transport toward the WSW. Vortex activity is predicted to peak in summer and dip around winter solstice, and to be greater than at InSight and much greater than in Gale crater.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 3, 2021 - 10:37:24 AM
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C. Newman, M de la Torre Juárez, J. Pla-García, R. Wilson, S. Lewis, et al.. Multi-model Meteorological and Aeolian Predictions for Mars 2020 and the Jezero Crater Region. Space Science Reviews, Springer Verlag, 2021, 217 (1), pp.20. ⟨10.1007/s11214-020-00788-2⟩. ⟨hal-03157431⟩

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