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Tuning morphology of Pickering emulsions stabilised by biodegradable PLGA nanoparticles: How PLGA characteristics influence emulsion properties

Abstract : In this study, we proved that the stabilisation of Pickering emulsions by polymer nanoparticles (NPs) heavily depends on polymer characteristics. We prepared NPs with four poly(lactide-co-glycolide) polymers (PLGA), of different molar masses (14,000 and 32,000 g/mol) and end groups (acid or alkylester). NPs were either bare (without stabilising polymer) or covered by polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). Pickering emulsions were prepared by mixing NP aqueous suspensions with various amounts of oil (Miglyol 812 N). First, NP wettability was directly affected by PLGA end group: ester-ending PLGA led to more hydrophobic NPs, compared to acid-ending PLGA. This effect of the end group could be slightly enhanced with smaller molar mass. Thus, bare PLGA NPs stabilised different types of emulsions (W/O/W and W/O), following Finkle's rule. However, the effect of PLGA characteristics was masked when NPs were covered by PVA, as PVA drove the stabilisation of O/W emulsions. Secondly, PLGA molar mass and end group also influenced its glass transition temperature (Tg), with spectacular consequences on emulsion formation. Indeed, the shortest ester-ending PLGA exhibited a Tg close to room temperature, when measured in the emulsion. This Tg, easily exceeded during emulsification process, led to a soft solid emulsion, stabilised by a network of NP debris.
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https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-03209750
Contributor : Michaël Trichet <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, April 27, 2021 - 2:28:03 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 20, 2021 - 3:06:57 AM

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Baptiste Robin, Claire Albert, Mohamed Beladjine, François-Xavier Legrand, Sandrine Geiger, et al.. Tuning morphology of Pickering emulsions stabilised by biodegradable PLGA nanoparticles: How PLGA characteristics influence emulsion properties. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Elsevier, 2021, 595, pp.202-211. ⟨10.1016/j.jcis.2021.03.061⟩. ⟨hal-03209750⟩

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