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Assessment of trade-offs between feed efficiency, growth-related traits, and immune activity in experimental lines of layer chickens

Abstract : Background: In all organisms, life-history traits are constrained by trade-offs, which may represent physiological limitations or be related to energy resource management. To detect trade-offs within a population, one promising approach is the use of artificial selection, because intensive selection on one trait can induce unplanned changes in others. In chickens, the breeding industry has achieved remarkable genetic progress in production and feed efficiency over the last 60 years. However, this may have been accomplished at the expense of other important biological functions, such as immunity. In the present study, we used three experimental lines of layer chicken-two that have been divergently selected for feed efficiency and one that has been selected for increased antibody response to inactivated Newcastle disease virus (ND3)-to explore the impact of improved feed efficiency on animals' immunocompetence and, vice versa, the impact of improved antibody response on animals' growth and feed efficiency. Results: There were detectable differences between the low (R+) and high (R-) feed-efficiency lines with respect to vaccine-specific antibody responses and counts of monocytes, heterophils, and/or T cell population. The ND3 line presented reduced body weight and feed intake compared to the control line. ND3 chickens also demonstrated an improved antibody response against a set of commercial viral vaccines, but lower blood leucocyte counts. Conclusions: This study demonstrates the value of using experimental chicken lines that are divergently selected for RFI or for a high antibody production, to investigate the modulation of immune parameters in relation to growth and feed efficiency. Our results provide further evidence that long-term selection for the improvement of one trait may have consequences on other important biological functions. Hence, strategies to ensure optimal trade-offs among competing functions will ultimately be required in multi-trait selection programs in livestock.
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https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-03222366
Contributor : Gestionnaire Hal-Su <>
Submitted on : Monday, May 10, 2021 - 11:18:46 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 2:57:34 PM

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Tatiana Zerjal, Sonja Härtle, David Gourichon, Vanaïque Guillory, Nicolas Bruneau, et al.. Assessment of trade-offs between feed efficiency, growth-related traits, and immune activity in experimental lines of layer chickens. Genetics Selection Evolution, BioMed Central, 2021, 53 (1), 17 p. ⟨10.1186/s12711-021-00636-z⟩. ⟨hal-03222366⟩

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