Less arterial stiffness in kidney transplant recipients than chronic kidney disease patients matched for renal function - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Clinical Kidney Journal Year : 2020

Less arterial stiffness in kidney transplant recipients than chronic kidney disease patients matched for renal function

Abstract

Background Chronic kidney disease is associated with a high cardiovascular risk. Compared with glomerular filtration rate–matched CKD patients (CKDps), we previously reported a 2.7-fold greater risk of global mortality among kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). We then examined aortic stiffness [evaluated by carotid–femoral pulse wave velocity (CF-PWV)] and cardiovascular risk in KTRs compared with CKDps with comparable measured glomerular filtration rate (mGFR). Methods We analysed CF-PWV in two cohorts: TransplanTest (KTRs) and NephroTest (CKDps). Propensity scores were calculated including six variables: mGFR, age, sex, mean blood pressure (MBP), body mass index (BMI) and heart rate. After propensity score matching, we included 137 KTRs and 226 CKDps. Descriptive data were completed by logistic regression for CF-PWV values higher than the median (>10.6 m/s). Results At 12 months post-transplant, KTRs had significantly lower CF-PWV than CKDps (10.1 versus 11.0 m/s, P = 0.008) despite no difference at 3 months post-transplant (10.5 versus 11.0 m/s, P = 0.242). A lower occurrence of high arterial stiffness was noted among KTRs compared with CKDps (38.0% versus 57.1%, P < 0.001). It was especially associated with lower mGFR, older age, higher BMI, higher MBP, diabetes and higher serum parathyroid hormone levels. After adjustment, the odds ratio for the risk of high arterial stiffness in KTRs was 0.40 (95% confidence interval 0.23–0.68, P < 0.001). Conclusions Aortic stiffness was significantly less marked in KTRs 1 year post-transplant than in CKDps matched for GFR and other variables. This observation is compatible with the view that the pathogenesis of post-transplant cardiovascular disease differs, at least in part, from that of CKD per se.
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Dates and versions

hal-03230919 , version 1 (20-05-2021)

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Lynda Cheddani, Jean Philippe Haymann, Sophie Liabeuf, Nahid Tabibzadeh, Jean-Jacques Boffa, et al.. Less arterial stiffness in kidney transplant recipients than chronic kidney disease patients matched for renal function. Clinical Kidney Journal, 2020, 14 (4), pp.1244 - 1254. ⟨10.1093/ckj/sfaa120⟩. ⟨hal-03230919⟩
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