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Using MALDI-ToF mass spectrometry to identify mushroom species -Proof of concept analysis of Amanita genus specimens

Abstract : Food poisoning caused by toxic mushrooms, such as species in the Amanita genus, occurs frequently around the world. To properly treat these patients, it is important to rapidly and accurately identify the causal species. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-ToF) mass spectrometry is a rapid technique that has been used in medical laboratories for the past three decades to identify bacteria, yeasts, and filamentous fungi. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-Tof MS) is a rapid method used for the past three decades to identify microorganisms. In this study, we created and internally validated a MALDI-Tof MS reference database comprising 15 Amanita species frequently encountered in France, and we challenged this database with 38 Amanita specimens from four French locations, using a free online application for MALDI-ToF spectra identifications. Assessment of the database showed that mass spectra can be obtained by analyzing any portion of a carpophore and that all portions enabled identification of the carpophore at the species level. Most carpophores were correctly identified using our database, with the exception of specimens from the Vaginatae section. Decay tests also demonstrated that decayed portions (like those found in the kitchen garbage can) of Amanita phalloides mushrooms could be properly identified using MALDI-ToF MS. Our findings provide important insight for toxicology laboratories that often rely on DNA sequencing to identify meal leftovers implicated in food poisoning. In future developments, this technique could also be used to detect counterfeit mushrooms by including other genera in the reference database. Lay Summary MALDI-ToF MS is a powerful identification tool for microorganisms. We demonstrate that the technique can be applied to Amanita specimens. This will prevent food intoxications as a rapid and definite identification can be obtained, and it can also be used for food remnants.
Keywords : food poisoning
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 23, 2021 - 11:55:04 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 10:50:59 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, September 24, 2021 - 6:30:52 PM

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Raphael Piarroux, Frédéric Gabriel, Frédéric Grenouillet, Patrick Collombon, Philippe Louasse, et al.. Using MALDI-ToF mass spectrometry to identify mushroom species -Proof of concept analysis of Amanita genus specimens. Medical Mycology, Oxford University Press, 2021, ⟨10.1093/mmy/myab018⟩. ⟨hal-03268535⟩

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