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Subthalamic stimulation breaks the balance between distal and axial signs in Parkinson’s disease

Abstract : In Parkinson's disease (PD), the effects of both L dopa and subthalamic deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) are known to change cost-valuation. However, this was mostly studied through reward-effort task involving distal movements, while axial effort, less responsive to treatments, have been barely studied. Thus, our objective was to compare the influence of both L dopa and STN-DBS on cost-valuation between two efforts modalities: vowel production (as an example of axial movement) and hand squeezing (as an example of distal movement). Twelve PD patients were recruited to participate in this study. The task consisted in deciding whether to accept or reject trials based on a reward-effort trade-off. Participants performed two blocks with hand squeezing, and two with vowel production, in the four treatment conditions (L dopa On/Off; STN-DBS On/Off). We found that STN-DBS changed the ratio difference between hand and phonation efforts. Vowel production effort was estimated easier to perform with STN-DBS alone, and harder when associated with L dopa. The difference between hand and phonation efforts was correlated with quality of life in Off/Off and On L dopa alone conditions, and with impulsive assessment On STN-DBS alone. We highlighted that STN-DBS could introduce an imbalance between the actual motor impairments and their subjective costs. With this finding, we also suggest paying particular attention to the different treatment effects that should be expected for axial and distal movement dysfunctions.
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https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-03424433
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 10, 2021 - 3:02:26 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 26, 2022 - 4:49:22 PM

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s41598-021-01386-0.pdf
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Cyril Atkinson-Clement, Émilie Cavazzini, Alexandre Zénon, Thierry Legou, Tatiana Witjas, et al.. Subthalamic stimulation breaks the balance between distal and axial signs in Parkinson’s disease. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2021, 11 (1), ⟨10.1038/s41598-021-01386-0⟩. ⟨hal-03424433⟩

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