Defects in Mouse Cortical Glutamate Uptake Can Be Unveiled <i>In Vivo</i> by a Two-in-One Quantitative Microdialysis - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles ACS Chemical Neuroscience Year : 2021

Defects in Mouse Cortical Glutamate Uptake Can Be Unveiled In Vivo by a Two-in-One Quantitative Microdialysis

Abstract

Extracellular glutamate levels are maintained low by efficient transporters, whose dysfunction can cause neuronal hyperexcitability, excitotoxicity, and neurological disease. While many methods estimate glutamate uptake in vitro/ex vivo, a limited number of techniques address glutamate transport in vivo. Here, we used in vivo microdialysis in a two-in-one approach combining reverse dialysis of isotopic glutamate to measure uptake ability and zero-flow (ZF) methods to quantify extracellular glutamate levels. The complementarity of both techniques is discussed on methodological and anatomical basis. We used a transgenic mouse model of human disease, expressing low levels of the EAAT-2/GLT1 glutamate transporter, to validate our approach in a relevant animal model. As expected, isotopic analysis revealed an overall decrease in glutamate uptake, while the ZF method unveiled higher extracellular glutamate levels in these mice. We propose a sensitive and expedite two-in-one microdialysis approach that is sufficiently robust to reveal significant differences in neurotransmitter uptake and extracellular levels through the analysis of a relatively low number of animals.
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Dates and versions

hal-03753548 , version 1 (21-11-2022)

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Sandrine Parrot, Alex Corscadden, Louison Lallemant, Hélène Benyamine, Jean-Christophe Comte, et al.. Defects in Mouse Cortical Glutamate Uptake Can Be Unveiled In Vivo by a Two-in-One Quantitative Microdialysis. ACS Chemical Neuroscience, 2021, 13 (1), pp.134 - 142. ⟨10.1021/acschemneuro.1c00634⟩. ⟨hal-03753548⟩
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