Construction and Validation of an Individual Deprivation Index: a Study Based on a Representative Cohort of the Paris Metropolitan Area - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Urban Health Year : 2022

Construction and Validation of an Individual Deprivation Index: a Study Based on a Representative Cohort of the Paris Metropolitan Area

Abstract

The association between health status and deprivation is well established. However, it is difficult to measure deprivation at an individual level and already-existing indices in France are not validated or do not meet the needs of health practitioners. The aim of this work was to establish a validated, easy-to-use, multidimensional, relevant index that was representative of the population in the Paris metropolitan area. From the SIRS 2010 cohort study, 14 socio-economic characteristics were selected: health insurance, educational background, socio-professional category, professional status, feelings of loneliness, emotional situation, household type, income, perceived financial situation, social support (support in daily life, financial and emotional), housing situation, and migration origin. In addition, a total of 12 health status, healthcare use, and nutrition-related variables were also selected. Content validity and internal validity of the index were explored. The 14 socio-economic indicators were associated to varying degrees with poorer health status, less use of healthcare, and poorer nutrition and were distributed across the 14 multiple-choice questions of the index. Each answer was rated from 0 to 2. The index value of 10 that isolates 20% of the most deprived individuals was used as threshold. “Being deprived,” as defined with this value, was significantly associated with 9 of the 12 studied health variables. This index could be a relevant instrument in the assessment of deprivation and social inequalities of health.

Dates and versions

hal-03761135 , version 1 (25-08-2022)

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Sohela Moussaoui, Pierre Chauvin, Gladys Ibanez, Marion Soler, Virginie Nael, et al.. Construction and Validation of an Individual Deprivation Index: a Study Based on a Representative Cohort of the Paris Metropolitan Area. Journal of Urban Health, 2022, ⟨10.1007/s11524-022-00648-0⟩. ⟨hal-03761135⟩
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