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Journal Articles Journal of Fungi Year : 2022

Terbinafine Resistance in Dermatophytes: A French Multicenter Prospective Study

Geneviève Cremer
  • Function : Author
Guillaume Desoubeaux
  • Function : Author

Abstract

In recent years, we have moved from the sporadic description of terbinafine-resistant (TerR) Trichophyton spp. isolates to the Indian outbreak due to T. indotineae. Population flows have spread TerR worldwide, altering local epidemiology. We conducted a prospective multicentric study to determine the relative frequency of TerR isolates in France (Paris area) and of the newly introduced T. indotineae species. TerR isolates were screened by the terbinafine-containing-agar-medium (TCAM) method and confirmed by EUCAST. Sequencing methods were used to identify isolates to the species/genotype level and to analyze substitutions in the squalene epoxidase gene (SQLE). In total, 3 isolates out of 580 (T. rubrumn = 1; T. interdigitalen = 1; T. indotineaen = 1) grew on TCAM, showed terbinafine resistance by EUCAST and harbored the Phe397Leu (n = 2) or Leu393Ser (n = 1) substitution in the SQLE. ITS-sequencing of isolates of the T. mentagrophytes/interdigitale complex (n = 125) revealed a relative frequency of 4.8% for T. indotineae and the presence of T. mentagrophytes genotype VII. Despite the detection of terbinafine resistance, isolates from this complex remained susceptible to itraconazole, voriconazole and amorolfine. Terbinafine resistance is present in France and the dermatophyte epidemiology is changing. Efficient systems must be implemented to survey the evolution of newly introduced species and to identify TerR isolates.
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hal-03846550 , version 1 (07-01-2024)

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Alicia Moreno-Sabater, Anne-Cécile Normand, Anne-Laure Bidaud, Geneviève Cremer, Françoise Foulet, et al.. Terbinafine Resistance in Dermatophytes: A French Multicenter Prospective Study. Journal of Fungi, 2022, 8 (3), pp.220. ⟨10.3390/jof8030220⟩. ⟨hal-03846550⟩
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