Efficacy of a Nurse-Led Patient Education Intervention in Promoting Safety Skills of Patients with Inflammatory Arthritis Treated with Biologics: A Multicentre Randomised Clinical Trial - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles RMD Open Year : 2022

Efficacy of a Nurse-Led Patient Education Intervention in Promoting Safety Skills of Patients with Inflammatory Arthritis Treated with Biologics: A Multicentre Randomised Clinical Trial

Abstract

Objective To evaluate the effect of a nurse-led patient education on safety skills of patients with inflammatory arthritis treated with biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (bDMARDs). Methods This is a multicentre, open-labelled, randomised controlled trial comparing an intervention group (face-to-face education by a nurse at baseline and 3 months later) with a control group (usual care) at the introduction of a first subcutaneous bDMARD. The primary outcome was score on the BioSecure questionnaire at 6 months (0\textendash 100 scale), a validated questionnaire assessing competencies in dealing with fever, infections, vaccination and daily situations. The secondary outcomes were disease activity, coping, psychological well-being, beliefs about medication, self-efficacy and severe infection rate. Results 129 patients with rheumatoid arthritis and spondyloarthritis were enrolled in nine rheumatology departments; 122 completed the study; 127 were analysed; and 64 received the intervention (mean duration: 65\,min at baseline and 44\,min at 3 months). The primary outcome was met: the BioSecure score was 81.2±13.1\,and 75.6±13.0 in the education and usual care groups (difference: +6.2, 95% CI 1.3 to 11.1, p=0.015), demonstrating higher safety skills in the education group. Exploratory analyses showed better skills regarding infections, greater willingness for vaccinations and greater adherence-related behaviours in the education group. Coping was significantly more improved by education; other secondary outcomes were improved in both groups, with no difference. Conclusions Educating patients was effective in promoting patient behaviours for preventing adverse events with bDMARDs. An education session delivered to patients starting a first bDMARD can be useful to help them self-manage safety issues. Trial registration number NCT02855320 .

Dates and versions

hal-03892138 , version 1 (09-12-2022)

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Catherine Beauvais, Françoise Fayet, Alexandra Rousseau, Christelle Sordet, Sophie Pouplin, et al.. Efficacy of a Nurse-Led Patient Education Intervention in Promoting Safety Skills of Patients with Inflammatory Arthritis Treated with Biologics: A Multicentre Randomised Clinical Trial. RMD Open, 2022, 8 (1), pp.e001828. ⟨10.1136/rmdopen-2021-001828⟩. ⟨hal-03892138⟩
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