Non-linear dose response effect of cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation on muscle strength in young healthy adults: a randomized controlled study - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation Year : 2023

Non-linear dose response effect of cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation on muscle strength in young healthy adults: a randomized controlled study

Oranich Vimolratana
  • Function : Author
Benchaporn Aneksan
  • Function : Author
Vimonwan Hiengkaew
  • Function : Author
Wanalee Klomjai

Abstract

Abstract Background Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a technique that modulates brain excitability in humans. Increasing the stimulation intensity or duration within certain limits could enhance tDCS efficacy with a polarity-dependent effect; anodal stimulation increases cortical excitability, whereas cathodal stimulation decreases excitability. However, recent studies have reported a non-linear effect of cathodal tDCS on neuronal excitability in humans, and there is no conclusive result regarding the effect of cathodal tDCS on muscle performance. Methods Our study aimed to investigate the immediate effects of different intensities (i.e., 1, 1.5, and 2 mA and sham tDCS) of cathodal tDCS on muscle strength in healthy participants. All participants [mean age 23.17 (3.90) years] were recruited and randomly allocated into four groups (1, 1.5, and 2 mA cathodal tDCS and sham tDCS). Muscle strength in bilateral upper and lower extremities was measured before and immediately after tDCS using a handheld dynamometer. Results Our results showed that cathodal tDCS at 1 and 1.5 mA reduced muscle strength bilaterally in upper and lower extremity muscles, whereas stimulation at 2 mA tended to increase muscle strength on the dominant limb. Conclusion These findings support the non-linear effects of cathodal tDCS on muscle strength, which should be considered for the clinical use of tDCS in motor rehabilitation. Trial registration : NCT04672122, date of first registration 17/12/2020.

Dates and versions

hal-03967337 , version 1 (01-02-2023)

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Oranich Vimolratana, Alexandra Lackmy-Vallée, Benchaporn Aneksan, Vimonwan Hiengkaew, Wanalee Klomjai. Non-linear dose response effect of cathodal transcranial direct current stimulation on muscle strength in young healthy adults: a randomized controlled study. BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2023, 15 (1), pp.10. ⟨10.1186/s13102-023-00621-7⟩. ⟨hal-03967337⟩
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