Stable Coexistence in Plant-Pollinator-Herbivore Communities Requires Balanced Mutualistic vs Antagonistic Interactions - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Ecological Modelling Year : 2022

Stable Coexistence in Plant-Pollinator-Herbivore Communities Requires Balanced Mutualistic vs Antagonistic Interactions

Abstract

Ecological communities consist of multiple species interacting in diverse ways. Understanding the mechanisms supporting coexistence requires accounting for such a diversity. Because most works focus either on mutualism or predation, how pollination and herbivory interactively determine the stable coexistence in plant-pollinatorherbivore communities is still poorly understood. Studying the typical three-species module of such communities, we determine the conditions allowing stable coexistence then investigate how its maintenance constrains the relative interaction strengths. Our results show that coexistence is possible if pollination is sufficiently strong relative to herbivory, while its stability is possible if herbivory is sufficiently strong relative to pollination. A balance between pollination and herbivory is therefore required. Interestingly, shared preferences for plant phenotypes, that would favor such balance, have been frequently reported in the empirical literature. The identified ecological trade-off between attracting pollinators and deterring herbivores therefore also appears as an emergent property of stable plant-pollinator-herbivore communities.
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Dates and versions

hal-03986620 , version 1 (08-01-2024)

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Attribution - NonCommercial

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Youssef Yacine, Nicolas Loeuille. Stable Coexistence in Plant-Pollinator-Herbivore Communities Requires Balanced Mutualistic vs Antagonistic Interactions. Ecological Modelling, 2022, 465, pp.109857. ⟨10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2021.109857⟩. ⟨hal-03986620⟩
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