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Conference Papers Year : 2020

How SMRT sequencing can improve the prognosis and genetic counseling in DM1 patients

Abstract

Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) results from the expansion of an unstable CTG repeat that usually increases across generations and over time in somatic tissues. CTG repeat instability and DM1 clinical manifestations depend on the length of the repeat itself and the purity of the repeated sequence. The genetic counseling in DM1 is very complex, due to the highly variable clinical presentation and technical difficulties in determining the size and purity of the CTG expansion. We used PacBio Single Molecule Real-Time sequencing (SMRT) to precisely measure large CTG repeat size and identify sequence interruptions of expanded allele to understand clinical and genetic variability in DM1 patients. We sequenced several DM1 patients with CTG repeat expansion ranging from 130 to > 1000 CTG repeats on the Sequel I and II systems from amplicons. We obtained more than 77% full DM1 reads per sample, with >70% of the reads from expanded alleles. The data includes long reads in the expected size range for all samples, including DM1 patients with more than 1000 CTG repeats. SMRT sequencing is very promising to sequence large triplet repeat expansions, to identify CTG repeat interruptions and to estimate somatic mosaicism in DM1 patients. In parallel, we have developed amplification free-targeted sequencing in DM1 to avoid the limitations due to PCR amplification. Both of these methods can significantly improve the prognosis and counseling offered to patients.
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Dates and versions

hal-04004354 , version 1 (24-02-2023)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-04004354 , version 1

Cite

Stéphanie Tomé, Antoine Mangin, Laure de Pontual, Yu-Chih Tsai, Laetitia Monteil, et al.. How SMRT sequencing can improve the prognosis and genetic counseling in DM1 patients. Neuroscience PacBio day 2020, Dec 2020, Paris, France. ⟨hal-04004354⟩
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