The ileal fungal microbiota is altered in Crohn's disease and is associated with the disease course - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Frontiers in Medicine Year : 2022

The ileal fungal microbiota is altered in Crohn's disease and is associated with the disease course

Abstract

Introduction Fungal microbiota's involvement in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD) is incompletely understood. The terminal ileum is a predilection site both for primary involvement and recurrences of CD. We, therefore, assessed the mucosa-associated mycobiota in the inflamed and non-inflamed ileum in patients with CD. Methods The mucosa-associated mycobiota was assessed by ITS2 sequencing in a total of 168 biopsies sampled 5 and 15 cm proximal of the ileocecal valve or ileocolic anastomosis in 44 CD patients and 40 healthy controls (HC). CD patients with terminal ileitis, with endoscopic inflammation at 5 cm and normal mucosa at 15 cm and no history of upper CD involvement, were analyzed separately. The need for additional CD treatment the year following biopsy collection was recorded. Results CD patients had reduced mycobiota evenness, increased Basidiomycota/Ascomycota ratio, and reduced abundance of Chytridiomycota compared to HC. The mycobiota of CD patients were characterized by an expansion of Malassezia and a depletion of Saccharomyces , along with increased abundances of Candida albicans and Malassezia restricta . Malassezia was associated with the need for treatment escalation during follow-up. Current anti-TNF treatment was associated with lower abundances of Basidiomycota. The alpha diversity of the inflamed and proximal non-inflamed mucosa within the same patients was similar. However, the inflamed mucosa had a more dysbiotic composition with increased abundances of Candida sake and reduced abundances of Exophiala equina and Debaryomyces hansenii . Conclusions The ileal mucosa-associated mycobiota in CD patients is altered compared to HC. The mycobiota in the inflamed and proximal non-inflamed ileum within the same patients harbor structural differences which may play a role in the CD pathogenesis. Increased abundance of Malassezia was associated with an unfavorable disease course.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
fmed-09-868812.pdf (13.18 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Publisher files allowed on an open archive
Licence

Dates and versions

hal-04007387 , version 1 (14-09-2023)

Licence

Identifiers

Cite

Maya Olaisen, Mathias Richard, Vidar Beisvåg, Atle van Beelen Granlund, Elin Røyset, et al.. The ileal fungal microbiota is altered in Crohn's disease and is associated with the disease course. Frontiers in Medicine, 2022, 9, pp.868812. ⟨10.3389/fmed.2022.868812⟩. ⟨hal-04007387⟩
71 View
10 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More