Serotonin and the ventilatory effects of etonogestrel, a gonane progestin, in a murine model of congenital central hypoventilation syndrome - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Frontiers in Endocrinology Year : 2023

Serotonin and the ventilatory effects of etonogestrel, a gonane progestin, in a murine model of congenital central hypoventilation syndrome

Abstract

Introduction Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome, a rare disease caused by PHOX2B mutation, is associated with absent or blunted CO 2 /H + chemosensitivity due to the dysfunction of PHOX2B neurons of the retrotrapezoid nucleus. No pharmacological treatment is available. Clinical observations have reported non-systematic CO 2 /H + chemosensitivity recovery under desogestrel. Methods Here, we used a preclinical model of Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome, the retrotrapezoid nucleus conditional Phox2b mutant mouse, to investigate whether etonogestrel, the active metabolite of desogestrel, led to a restoration of chemosensitivity by acting on serotonin neurons known to be sensitive to etonogestrel, or retrotrapezoid nucleus PHOX2B residual cells that persist despite the mutation. The influence of etonogestrel on respiratory variables under hypercapnia was investigated using whole-body plethysmographic recording. The effect of etonogestrel, alone or combined with serotonin drugs, on the respiratory rhythm of medullary-spinal cord preparations from Phox2b mutants and wildtype mice was analyzed under metabolic acidosis. c-FOS, serotonin and PHOX2B were immunodetected. Serotonin metabolic pathways were characterized in the medulla oblongata by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography. Results We observed etonogestrel restored chemosensitivity in Phox2b mutants in a non-systematic way. Histological differences between Phox2b mutants with restored chemosensitivity and Phox2b mutant without restored chemosensitivity indicated greater activation of serotonin neurons of the raphe obscurus nucleus but no effect on retrotrapezoid nucleus PHOX2B residual cells. Finally, the increase in serotonergic signaling by the fluoxetine application modulated the respiratory effect of etonogestrel differently between Phox2b mutant mice and their WT littermates or WT OF1 mice, a result which parallels with differences in the functional state of serotonergic metabolic pathways between these different mice. Discussion Our work thus highlights that serotonin systems were critically important for the occurrence of an etonogestrel-restoration, an element to consider in potential therapeutic intervention in Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome patients.

Dates and versions

hal-04030809 , version 1 (15-03-2023)

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Alexis Casciato, Lola Bianchi, Manon Reverdy, Fanny Joubert, Roman Delucenay-Clarke, et al.. Serotonin and the ventilatory effects of etonogestrel, a gonane progestin, in a murine model of congenital central hypoventilation syndrome. Frontiers in Endocrinology, 2023, 14, ⟨10.3389/fendo.2023.1077798⟩. ⟨hal-04030809⟩
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