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Journal Articles Nutrients Year : 2023

Stimulation of GHRH Neuron Axon Growth by Leptin and Impact of Nutrition during Suckling in Mice

Abstract

Nutrition during the early postnatal period can program the growth trajectory and adult size. Nutritionally regulated hormones are strongly suspected to be involved in this physiological regulation. Linear growth during the postnatal period is regulated by the neuroendocrine somatotropic axis, whose development is first controlled by GHRH neurons of the hypothalamus. Leptin that is secreted by adipocytes in proportion to fat mass is one of the most widely studied nutritional factors, with a programming effect in the hypothalamus. However, it remains unclear whether leptin stimulates the development of GHRH neurons directly. Using a Ghrh-eGFP mouse model, we show here that leptin can directly stimulate the axonal growth of GHRH neurons in vitro in arcuate explant cultures. Moreover, GHRH neurons in arcuate explants harvested from underfed pups were insensitive to the induction of axonal growth by leptin, whereas AgRP neurons in these explants were responsive to leptin treatment. This insensitivity was associated with altered activating capacities of the three JAK2, AKT and ERK signaling pathways. These results suggest that leptin may be a direct effector of linear growth programming by nutrition, and that the GHRH neuronal subpopulation may display a specific response to leptin in cases of underfeeding.
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hal-04032260 , version 1 (16-03-2023)

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Lyvianne Decourtye-Espiard, Maud Clemessy, Patricia Leneuve, Erik Mire, Tatiana Ledent, et al.. Stimulation of GHRH Neuron Axon Growth by Leptin and Impact of Nutrition during Suckling in Mice. Nutrients, 2023, 15, pp.1077. ⟨10.3390/nu15051077⟩. ⟨hal-04032260⟩
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