Mistimed origin licensing and activation stabilize common fragile sites under tight DNA-replication checkpoint activation - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles (Data Paper) Nature Structural and Molecular Biology Year : 2023

Mistimed origin licensing and activation stabilize common fragile sites under tight DNA-replication checkpoint activation

Abstract

Genome integrity requires replication to be completed before chromosome segregation. The DNA-replication checkpoint (DRC) contributes to this coordination by inhibiting CDK1, which delays mitotic onset. Under-replication of Common Fragile Sites (CFSs) however escapes surveillance, resulting in mitotic chromosome breaks. Here we asked whether loose DRC activation induced by modest stresses commonly used to destabilize CFSs could explain this leakage. We found that tightening DRC activation or CDK1 inhibition stabilizes CFSs in human cells. Repli-Seq and molecular combing analyses showed a burst of replication initiations implemented in mid S-phase across a subset of late-replicating sequences, including CFSs, while the bulk genome was unaffected. CFS rescue and extra-initiations required CDC6 and CDT1 availability in S-phase, implying that CDK1 inhibition permits mistimed origin licensing and firing. In addition to delaying mitotic onset, tight DRC activation therefore supports replication completion of late origin-poor domains at risk of under-replication, two complementary roles preserving genome stability.
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Dates and versions

hal-04070726 , version 1 (16-04-2023)

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Olivier Brison, Stefano Gnan, Dana Azar, Stéphane Koundrioukoff, Rodrigo Melendez Garcia, et al.. Mistimed origin licensing and activation stabilize common fragile sites under tight DNA-replication checkpoint activation. Nature Structural and Molecular Biology, 2023, ⟨10.1038/s41594-023-00949-1⟩. ⟨hal-04070726⟩
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