The histone demethylase Kdm3 prevents auto-immune piRNAs production in Drosophila - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Science Advances Year : 2023

The histone demethylase Kdm3 prevents auto-immune piRNAs production in Drosophila

Abstract

Genome integrity of the animal germline is protected from transposable element activity by PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs). While piRNA biogenesis is intensively explored, little is known about the genetical determination of piRNA clusters, the genomic sources of piRNAs. Using a bimodal epigenetic state piRNA cluster ( BX2 ), we identified the histone demethylase Kdm3 as being able to prevent a cryptic piRNA production. In the absence of Kdm3, dozens of coding gene-containing regions become genuine germline dual-strand piRNA clusters. Eggs laid by Kdm3 mutant females show developmental defects phenocopying loss of function of genes embedded into the additional piRNA clusters, suggesting an inheritance of functional ovarian “auto-immune” piRNAs. Antagonizing piRNA cluster determination through chromatin modifications appears crucial to prevent auto-immune genic piRNAs production.

Dates and versions

hal-04074433 , version 1 (19-04-2023)

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Karine Casier, Julie Autaa, Nathalie Gueguen, Valérie Delmarre, Pauline Marie, et al.. The histone demethylase Kdm3 prevents auto-immune piRNAs production in Drosophila. Science Advances , 2023, 9 (14), ⟨10.1126/sciadv.ade3872⟩. ⟨hal-04074433⟩
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