Protective potential of the gallbladder in primary sclerosing cholangitis - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles JHEP Reports Innovation in Hepatology Year : 2023

Protective potential of the gallbladder in primary sclerosing cholangitis

Nora Cazzagon
  • Function : Correspondent author
  • PersonId : 1261623

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Ester Gonzalez-Sanchez
Haquima El-Mourabit
  • Function : Contributor
Dominique Wendum
  • Function : Contributor
Dominique Rainteau
Lydie Humbert
  • Function : Contributor
Christophe Corpechot
Olivier Chazouillères
  • Function : Contributor
Lionel Arrivé
  • Function : Contributor
Chantal Housset
Sara Lemoinne

Abstract

Background & Aims: Gallbladder enlargement is common in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). The gallbladder may confer hepatoprotection against bile acid overload, through the sequestration and cholecystohepatic shunt of bile acids. The aim of this study was to assess the potential impact of the gallbladder on disease features and bile acid homeostasis in PSC. Methods: Patients with PSC from a single tertiary center who underwent liver MRI with three-dimensional cholangiography and concomitant analyses of serum bile acids were included. Gallbladder volume was measured by MRI and a cutoff of 50 ml was used to define gallbladder enlargement. Bile acid profiles and PSC severity, as assessed by blood tests and MRI features, were compared among patients according to gallbladder size (enlarged vs. normal-sized) or presence (removed vs. conserved). The impact of cholecystectomy was also assessed in the Abcb4 knockout mouse model of PSC. Results: Sixty-one patients with PSC, all treated with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), were included. The gallbladder was enlarged in 30 patients, whereas 11 patients had been previously cholecystectomized. Patients with enlarged gallbladders had significantly lower alkaline phosphatase, a lower tauro-vs. glycoconjugate ratio and a higher UDCA vs. total bile acid ratio compared to those with normal-sized gallbladders. In addition, gallbladder volume negatively correlated with the hydrophobicity index of bile acids. Cholecystectomized patients displayed significantly higher aspartate aminotransferase and more severe bile duct strictures and dilatations compared to those with conserved gallbladder. In the Abcb4 knockout mice, cholecystectomy caused an increase in hepatic bile acid content and in circulating secondary bile acids, and an aggravation in cholangitis, inflammation and liver fibrosis. Conclusion: Altogether, our findings indicate that the gallbladder fulfills protective functions in PSC. Impact and implications: In patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), gallbladder status impacts on bile acid homeostasis and disease features. We found evidence of lessened bile acid toxicity in patients with PSC and enlarged gallbladders and of increased disease severity in those who were previously cholecystectomized. In the Abcb4 knockout mouse model of PSC, cholecystectomy causes an aggravation of cholangitis and liver fibrosis. Overall, our results suggest that the gallbladder plays a protective role in PSC.
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Dates and versions

hal-04126309 , version 1 (13-06-2023)

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Nora Cazzagon, Ester Gonzalez-Sanchez, Haquima El-Mourabit, Dominique Wendum, Dominique Rainteau, et al.. Protective potential of the gallbladder in primary sclerosing cholangitis. JHEP Reports Innovation in Hepatology, 2023, 5, ⟨10.1016/j.jhepr.2022.100649⟩. ⟨hal-04126309⟩
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