Low Spontaneous Mutation Rate in Complex Multicellular Eukaryotes with a Haploid–Diploid Life Cycle - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Molecular Biology and Evolution Year : 2023

Low Spontaneous Mutation Rate in Complex Multicellular Eukaryotes with a Haploid–Diploid Life Cycle

Abstract

The spontaneous mutation rate µ is a crucial parameter to understand evolution and biodiversity. Mutation rates are highly variable across species, suggesting that µ is susceptible to selection and drift and that species life cycle and life history may impact its evolution. In particular, asexual reproduction and haploid selection are expected to affect the mutation rate, but very little empirical data are available to test this expectation. Here, we sequence 30 genomes of a parent-offspring pedigree in the model brown alga Ectocarpus sp.7, and 137 genomes of an interspecific cross of the closely related brown alga Scytosiphon to have access to the spontaneous mutation rate of representative organisms of a complex multicellular eukaryotic lineage outside animals and plants, and to evaluate the potential impact of life cycle on the mutation rate. Brown algae alternate between a haploid and a diploid stage, both multicellular and free living, and utilize both sexual and asexual reproduction. They are, therefore, excellent models to empirically test expectations of the effect of asexual reproduction and haploid selection on mutation rate evolution. We estimate that Ectocarpus has a base substitution rate of µ bs = 4.07 × 10 −10 per site per generation, whereas the Scytosiphon interspecific cross had µ bs = 1.22 × 10 −9. Overall, our estimations suggest that these brown algae, despite being multicellular complex eukaryotes, have unusually low mutation rates. In Ectocarpus, effective population size (N e) could not entirely explain the low µ bs. We propose that the haploid-diploid life cycle, combined with extensive asexual reproduction, may be additional key drivers of the mutation rate in these organisms.
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Dates and versions

hal-04130751 , version 1 (16-06-2023)

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Marc Krasovec, Masakazu Hoshino, Min Zheng, Agnieszka P Lipinska, Susana M Coelho. Low Spontaneous Mutation Rate in Complex Multicellular Eukaryotes with a Haploid–Diploid Life Cycle. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 2023, 40 (6), pp.msad105. ⟨10.1093/molbev/msad105⟩. ⟨hal-04130751⟩
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