The temporal balance between self-renewal and differentiation of human neural stem cells requires the amyloid precursor protein - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Science Advances Year : 2023

The temporal balance between self-renewal and differentiation of human neural stem cells requires the amyloid precursor protein

Abstract

Neurogenesis in the developing human cerebral cortex occurs at a particularly slow rate owing in part to cortical neural progenitors preserving their progenitor state for a relatively long time, while generating neurons. How this balance between the progenitor and neurogenic state is regulated, and whether it contributes to speciesspecific brain temporal patterning, is poorly understood. Here, we show that the characteristic potential of human neural progenitor cells (NPCs) to remain in a progenitor state as they generate neurons for a prolonged amount of time requires the amyloid precursor protein (APP). In contrast, APP is dispensable in mouse NPCs, which undergo neurogenesis at a much faster rate. Mechanistically, APP cell-autonomously contributes to protracted neurogenesis through suppression of the proneurogenic activator protein-1 transcription factor and facilitation of canonical WNT signaling. We propose that the fine balance between self-renewal and differentiation is homeostatically regulated by APP, which may contribute to human-specific temporal patterns of neurogenesis.
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Dates and versions

hal-04135283 , version 1 (20-06-2023)

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Khadijeh Shabani, Julien Pigeon, Marwan Benaissa Touil Zariouh, Tengyuan Liu, Azadeh Saffarian, et al.. The temporal balance between self-renewal and differentiation of human neural stem cells requires the amyloid precursor protein. Science Advances , 2023, 9 (24), ⟨10.1126/sciadv.add5002⟩. ⟨hal-04135283⟩
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