Congenital mirror movements are associated with defective polymerization of RAD51 - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Medical Genetics Year : 2023

Congenital mirror movements are associated with defective polymerization of RAD51

Margaux Dunoyer
Morten Krogh Herlin
Solène Frismand
Véronique Legros
Guillaume Chevreux
Caroline Dubacq

Abstract

Background. Mirror movements are involuntary movements of one hand that mirror intentional movements of the other hand. Congenital mirror movements (CMM) is a rare genetic disorder with autosomal dominant inheritance, in which mirror movements are the main neurological manifestation. CMM is associated with an abnormal decussation of the corticospinal tract, a major motor tract for voluntary movements. RAD51 is known to play a key role in homologous recombination with a critical function in DNA repair. While RAD51 haploinsufficiency was first proposed to explain CMM, other mechanisms could be involved. Methods. We performed Sanger sequencing of RAD51 in five newly identified CMM families to identify new pathogenic variants. We further investigated the expression of wild-type and mutant RAD51 in the patients' lymphoblasts at mRNA and protein levels. We then characterized the functions of RAD51 altered by non-truncating variants using biochemical approaches. Results. The level of wild-type RAD51 protein was lower in all the CMM patients' cells compared with their non-carrier relatives. The reduction was less pronounced in asymptomatic carriers. In vitro, mutant RAD51 proteins showed loss-of-function for polymerization, DNA binding, and strand exchange activity. Conclusion. Our study demonstrates that RAD51 haploinsufficiency, including loss-offunction of non-truncating variants, results in CMM. The incomplete penetrance likely results from post-transcriptional compensation. Changes in RAD51 levels and/or polymerization properties could influence guidance of the corticospinal axons during development. Our findings open up new perspectives to understand the role of RAD51 in neurodevelopment.
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Dates and versions

hal-04136436 , version 1 (21-06-2023)

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Attribution - NonCommercial

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Oriane Trouillard, Pauline Dupaigne, Margaux Dunoyer, Mohamed Doulazmi, Morten Krogh Herlin, et al.. Congenital mirror movements are associated with defective polymerization of RAD51. Journal of Medical Genetics, 2023, pp.jmg-2023-109189. ⟨10.1136/jmg-2023-109189⟩. ⟨hal-04136436⟩
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