Improvement in patient-reported outcomes and work productivity following 3-year ustekinumab or tumour necrosis factor inhibitor treatment in patients with psoriatic arthritis: results from the PsABio real-world study - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Arthritis Research & Therapy Year : 2023

Improvement in patient-reported outcomes and work productivity following 3-year ustekinumab or tumour necrosis factor inhibitor treatment in patients with psoriatic arthritis: results from the PsABio real-world study

Stefan Siebert
  • Function : Author
Paul Bergmans
  • Function : Author
Kurt de Vlam
  • Function : Author
Elisa Gremese
  • Function : Author
Beatríz Joven-Ibáñez
  • Function : Author
Tatiana V Korotaeva
  • Function : Author
Frederic Lavie
  • Function : Author
Wim Noël
  • Function : Author
Michael T Nurmohamed
  • Function : Author
Petros P Sfikakis
  • Function : Author
Mohamed Sharaf
  • Function : Author
Elke Theander
  • Function : Author
Josef S Smolen
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Abstract Background To evaluate the real-world effect of the IL-12/23 inhibitor ustekinumab or of a tumour necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi) on patient-reported outcomes (PRO) and their association with effectiveness endpoints in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) patients over 3 years. Methods In PsABio (NCT02627768), a prospective, observational study, patients with PsA that were prescribed first- to third-line ustekinumab or a TNFi, and remained on that drug for 3 years, were analysed for change in baseline in PROs (EuroQol-5 dimensions health state VAS [EQ-5D VAS], 12-item Psoriatic Arthritis Impact of Disease questionnaire [PsAID-12; range 0–10], Work Productivity and Activity Impairment for Psoriatic Arthritis questionnaire [WPAI; results expressed as a percentage for each domain]), and the association between PROs and WPAI with effectiveness endpoints, clinical disease activity index for psoriatic arthritis (cDAPSA), low disease activity (LDA)/remission, minimal disease activity (MDA) and very low disease activity (VLDA). Results In 437 patients (mean age 49.1 years, 47.8% female), at 3 years, ustekinumab and TNFi treatment led to comparable improvements in EQ-5D VAS; mean change from baseline (95% confidence intervals [CI]) was 11.0 (6.5; 15.4) and 18.9 (14.0; 23.9), respectively. Both groups improved PsAID-12 after 3 years; mean change from baseline (95% CI) was −2.9 (−3.2; −2.5) and −3.5 (−3.9; −3.2), respectively. At baseline, due to their PsA, TNFi-treated patients had lower work productivity compared to ustekinumab-treated patients; mean productivity reduction (95% CI) was 58.8 [52.4; 65.2] and 43.3 [35.6; 51.1]. Over 3 years, TNFi-treated patients had a greater improvement in work productivity compared to ustekinumab-treated patients, ultimately leaving work productivity to be comparable between groups; mean improvement (95% CI) was 44.5% (38.4; 50.6) and 24.9% (15.8; 34.0), respectively. A similar trend was observed in activity impairment. Patients in both treatment groups who achieved effectiveness endpoints, cDAPSA LDA/remission, MDA, and VLDA had greater improvement in PROs and WPAI than patients who did not achieve these endpoints. Conclusions At 3 years, improvements in PROs following ustekinumab or TNFi treatment were generally comparable; however, TNFi-treated patients achieved a greater improvement in work productivity, although this group started from a lower baseline. Achievement of effectiveness endpoints, independent of treatment group, also improved PROs. Trial registration ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02627768. Registered on 11 December 2015
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hal-04217803 , version 1 (26-09-2023)

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Laure Gossec, Stefan Siebert, Paul Bergmans, Kurt de Vlam, Elisa Gremese, et al.. Improvement in patient-reported outcomes and work productivity following 3-year ustekinumab or tumour necrosis factor inhibitor treatment in patients with psoriatic arthritis: results from the PsABio real-world study. Arthritis Research & Therapy, 2023, 25 (1), pp.109. ⟨10.1186/s13075-023-03058-y⟩. ⟨hal-04217803⟩
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