Characterisation of the surface films formed on Nb during electrodissolution in aqueous alkali - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Electrochimica Acta Year : 2002

Characterisation of the surface films formed on Nb during electrodissolution in aqueous alkali

Abstract

Anodic polarisation of Nb in warm and concentrated aqueous alkali results in sustained electrodissolution. The process is investigated in NaOH by voltammetric, steady-state and impedance techniques. The j–E steady-state curve is characterised by a current peak and a subsequent plateau extending up to the explored positive limit (8 VSCE). Upon addition of tartrate to the electrolyte the dissolution current increases markedly. In some NaOH+Na tartrate electrolytes a dissolution–precipitation mechanism sets in, with formation of a surface layer which causes a gradual current decrease; this layer is identified by XRD and elemental analysis as a mixed Na and Nb oxide hydrate. Larger currents may be sustained in KOH+K tartrate solutions without any precipitation process. Impedance diagrams recorded in the plateau region are analysed on the basis of the equivalent circuit resulting from the surface charge model; the oxide formation ratio and the main model parameters are estimated and their temperature dependence is discussed.

Dates and versions

hal-04219799 , version 1 (27-09-2023)

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Claudia Baruffaldi, Umberto Casellato, Sandro Cattarin, Marco Musiani, Bernard Tribollet. Characterisation of the surface films formed on Nb during electrodissolution in aqueous alkali. Electrochimica Acta, 2002, 47 (18), pp.2989-2997. ⟨10.1016/S0013-4686(02)00202-5⟩. ⟨hal-04219799⟩
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