Cellular and Genomic Features of Muscle Differentiation from Isogenic Fibroblasts and Myoblasts - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Cells Year : 2023

Cellular and Genomic Features of Muscle Differentiation from Isogenic Fibroblasts and Myoblasts

Louise Benarroch
Julia Madsen-Østerbye
  • Function : Author
Mohamed Abdelhalim
Jessica Ohana
  • Function : Author
Anne Bertrand
Philippe Collas
  • Function : Author

Abstract

The ability to recapitulate muscle differentiation in vitro enables the exploration of mechanisms underlying myogenesis and muscle diseases. However, obtaining myoblasts from patients with neuromuscular diseases or from healthy subjects poses ethical and procedural challenges that limit such investigations. An alternative consists in converting skin fibroblasts into myogenic cells by forcing the expression of the myogenic regulator MYOD. Here, we directly compared cellular phenotype, transcriptome, and nuclear lamina-associated domains (LADs) in myo-converted human fibroblasts and myotubes differentiated from myoblasts. We used isogenic cells from a 16-year-old donor, ruling out, for the first time to our knowledge, genetic factors as a source of variations between the two myogenic models. We show that myo-conversion of fibroblasts upregulates genes controlling myogenic pathways leading to multinucleated cells expressing muscle cell markers. However, myotubes are more advanced in myogenesis than myo-converted fibroblasts at the phenotypic and transcriptomic levels. While most LADs are shared between the two cell types, each also displays unique domains of lamin A/C interactions. Furthermore, myotube-specific LADs are more gene-rich and less heterochromatic than shared LADs or LADs unique to myo-converted fibroblasts, and they uniquely sequester developmental genes. Thus, myo-converted fibroblasts and myotubes retain cell type-specific features of radial and functional genome organization. Our results favor a view of myo-converted fibroblasts as a practical model to investigate the phenotypic and genomic properties of muscle cell differentiation in normal and pathological contexts, but also highlight current limitations in using fibroblasts as a source of myogenic cells.

Dates and versions

hal-04253840 , version 1 (23-10-2023)

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Louise Benarroch, Julia Madsen-Østerbye, Mohamed Abdelhalim, Kamel Mamchaoui, Jessica Ohana, et al.. Cellular and Genomic Features of Muscle Differentiation from Isogenic Fibroblasts and Myoblasts. Cells, 2023, 12 (15), pp.1995. ⟨10.3390/cells12151995⟩. ⟨hal-04253840⟩
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