Impact of Truncated Oxidized Phosphatidylcholines on Phospholipase A2 Activity in Mono- and Polyunsaturated Biomimetic Vesicles - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Molecular Sciences Year : 2023

Impact of Truncated Oxidized Phosphatidylcholines on Phospholipase A2 Activity in Mono- and Polyunsaturated Biomimetic Vesicles

Vesela Yordanova
Rusina Hazarosova
  • Function : Author
Victoria Vitkova
Albena Momchilova
  • Function : Author
Bozhil Robev
  • Function : Author
Biliana Nikolova
Plamen Krastev
Galya Staneva

Abstract

The interplay between inflammatory and redox processes is a ubiquitous and critical phenomenon in cell biology that involves numerous biological factors. Among them, secretory phospholipases A2 (sPLA2) that catalyze the hydrolysis of the sn-2 ester bond of phospholipids are key players. They can interact or be modulated by the presence of truncated oxidized phosphatidylcholines (OxPCs) produced under oxidative stress from phosphatidylcholine (PC) species. The present study examined this important, but rarely considered, sPLA2 modulation induced by the changes in biophysical properties of PC vesicles comprising various OxPC ratios in mono- or poly-unsaturated PCs. Being the most physiologically active OxPCs, 1-palmitoyl-2-(5′-oxo-valeroyl)-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POVPC) and 1-palmitoyl-2-glutaryl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (PGPC) have been selected for our study. Using fluorescence spectroscopy methods, we compared the effect of OxPCs on the lipid order as well as sPLA2 activity in large unilamellar vesicles (LUVs) made of the heteroacid PC, either monounsaturated [1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (POPC)], or polyunsaturated [1-palmitoyl-2-docosahexaenoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (PDPC)] at a physiological temperature. The effect of OxPCs on vesicle size was also assessed in both the mono- and polyunsaturated PC matrices. Results: OxPCs decrease the membrane lipid order of POPC and PDPC mixtures with PGPC inducing a much larger decrease in comparison with POVPC, indicative that the difference takes place at the glycerol level. Compared with POPC, PDPC was able to inhibit sPLA2 activity showing a protective effect of PDPC against enzyme hydrolysis. Furthermore, sPLA2 activity on its PC substrates was modulated by the OxPC membrane content. POVPC down-regulated sPLA2 activity, suggesting anti-inflammatory properties of this truncated oxidized lipid. Interestingly, PGPC had a dual and opposite effect, either inhibitory or enhancing on sPLA2 activity, depending on the protocol of lipid mixing. This difference may result from the chemical properties of the shortened sn-2-acyl chain residues (aldehyde group for POVPC, and carboxyl for PGPC), being, respectively, zwitterionic or anionic under hydration at physiological conditions.
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hal-04255580 , version 1 (24-10-2023)

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Vesela Yordanova, Rusina Hazarosova, Victoria Vitkova, Albena Momchilova, Bozhil Robev, et al.. Impact of Truncated Oxidized Phosphatidylcholines on Phospholipase A2 Activity in Mono- and Polyunsaturated Biomimetic Vesicles. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2023, 24 (13), pp.11166. ⟨10.3390/ijms241311166⟩. ⟨hal-04255580⟩
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