DNA ‐pools targeted‐sequencing as a robust cost‐effective method to detect rare variants: Application to dilated cardiomyopathy genetic diagnosis - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Clinical Genetics Year : 2023

DNA ‐pools targeted‐sequencing as a robust cost‐effective method to detect rare variants: Application to dilated cardiomyopathy genetic diagnosis

David‐alexandre Trégouët
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Abstract Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a heart disease characterized by left ventricular dilatation and systolic dysfunction. In 30% of cases, pathogenic variants, essentially private to each patient, are identified in at least one of almost 50 reported genes. Thus, while costly, exons capture‐based Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) of a targeted gene panel appears as the best strategy to genetically diagnose DCM. Here, we report a NGS strategy applied to pools of 8 DNAs from DCM patients and validate its robustness for rare variants detection at 4‐fold reduced cost. Our pipeline uses Freebayes to detect variants with the expected 1/16 allele frequency. From the whole set of detected rare variants in 96 pools we set the variants quality parameters optimizing true positives calling. When compared to simplex DNA sequencing in a shared subset of 50 DNAs, 96% of SNVs/InsDel were accurately identified in pools. Extended to the 384 DNAs included in the study, we detected 100 variants (ACMG class 4 and 5), mostly in well‐known morbid gene causing DCM such as TTN, MYH7, FLNC, and TNNT2. To conclude, we report an original pool‐sequencing NGS method accurately detecting rare variants. This innovative approach is cost‐effective for genetic diagnostic in rare diseases.

Dates and versions

hal-04267922 , version 1 (02-11-2023)

Identifiers

Cite

Claire Perret, Carole Proust, Ulrike Esslinger, Flavie Ader, Jan Haas, et al.. DNA ‐pools targeted‐sequencing as a robust cost‐effective method to detect rare variants: Application to dilated cardiomyopathy genetic diagnosis. Clinical Genetics, In press, ⟨10.1111/cge.14427⟩. ⟨hal-04267922⟩
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