Effects of miglustat therapy on neurological disorder and survival in early-infantile Niemann-Pick disease type C: a national French retrospective study - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases Year : 2023

Effects of miglustat therapy on neurological disorder and survival in early-infantile Niemann-Pick disease type C: a national French retrospective study

Cécile Freihuber
  • Function : Author
Bahia Dahmani-Rabehi
  • Function : Author
Anaïs Brassier
  • Function : Author
Pierre Broué
  • Function : Author
Claude Cances
  • Function : Author
Brigitte Chabrol
  • Function : Author
Didier Eyer
  • Function : Author
François Labarthe
  • Function : Author
Philippe Latour
  • Function : Author
Thierry Levade
  • Function : Author
Samia Pichard
  • Function : Author
Caroline Sevin
  • Function : Author
Marie T Vanier
  • Function : Author
Bénédicte Héron

Abstract

Background Niemann-Pick disease type C (NP-C) is a rare neurovisceral lysosomal lipid storage disease characterized by progressive neurodegeneration and premature death. While miglustat can stabilize neurological manifestations in later onset forms of NP-C, its efficacy in the early-infantile neurological form has not been demonstrated. In this observational retrospective study, we compared long-term neurodevelopmental outcome and survival between an untreated and a treated group of early infantile NP-C patients. Methods Data available on all NP-C patients with early infantile neurological onset diagnosed in France between 1990 and 2013 were compiled. Patients with incomplete data or who had died from a systemic perinatal, rapidly fatal form were excluded. Results Ten patients were included in the treated group (year of birth: 2006-2012), and 16 patients in the untreated group [born 1987-2005 (n = 15), 2012 (n = 1)]. The median age at neurological onset was 9 months (5-18) in the treated group, and 12 months (3-18) in the untreated group (p = 0.22). Miglustat therapy was started at a median age of 24.5 months (9-29) and median duration was 30 months (11-56). Gastrointestinal adverse events were reported in 7/10 patients on miglustat. All patients developed loss of psychomotor acquisitions or additional neurological symptoms despite miglustat therapy. The ages of developmental milestones and neurological involvement did not significantly differ between the two groups. Four patients in the untreated group were lost to follow up. The 22 remaining patients had died by the end of the study and no patient survived beyond the age of 7.4 years. The median survival age was 4.42 years in the untreated group and 5.56 years in the treated group; the Kaplan-Meier survival curves were not significantly different (log-rank test: p = 0.11). Conclusions Miglustat allowed no significant long-term neurodevelopmental improvement nor significant increase of survival in patients with early infantile NP-C.
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Dates and versions

hal-04273628 , version 1 (16-01-2024)

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Cécile Freihuber, Bahia Dahmani-Rabehi, Anaïs Brassier, Pierre Broué, Claude Cances, et al.. Effects of miglustat therapy on neurological disorder and survival in early-infantile Niemann-Pick disease type C: a national French retrospective study. Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases, 2023, 18, ⟨10.1186/s13023-023-02804-4⟩. ⟨hal-04273628⟩
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