Evaluation of Ocular and Systemic Oxidative Stress Markers in Ocular Rosacea Patients - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science Year : 2023

Evaluation of Ocular and Systemic Oxidative Stress Markers in Ocular Rosacea Patients

Abstract

To investigate oxidative stress markers in tears and serum of patients with ocular rosacea and to examine their association with both ocular surface parameters and cutaneous rosacea subtypes. METHODS. This prospective study includes rosacea patients with ocular involvement and healthy controls. We performed ophthalmological examination of all participants and collected tear breakup time (TBUT), Schirmer, Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) and Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) scores. We quantified the total antioxidant status (TAS), total oxidant status (TOS), and arylesterase (ARE) levels from tear and serum samples, and calculated the oxidative stress index (OSI). We also classified patients into phymatous, erythematotelangiectatic, papulopustular subtypes. RESULTS. We included 90 ocular rosacea patients and 30 healthy controls. Oxidative stress (TOS, OSI) levels were significantly higher (P < 0.01) and antioxidant levels (TAS, ARE) were significantly lower (P < 0.01) in both tear and serum samples of ocular rosacea patients as compared to controls. We found a significant positive correlation between the tear and serum values regarding oxidative stress parameters (P < 0.05). Besides, OSI was negatively correlated with TBUT and positively correlated with MGD score (meiboscore) and OSDI (P < 0.05). The Schirmer score was not correlated with OSI. No difference was found between the cutaneous subtypes with respect to TAS, TOS, ARE, and OSI results. CONCLUSIONS. In this study, we identified oxidative stress markers in the serum and tears of ocular rosacea patients and showed their correlation with clinical signs of MGD, suggesting that oxidative stress contributes to ocular rosacea pathogenesis and that oxidative stress could be an indicator of MGD severity.
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hal-04285541 , version 1 (14-11-2023)

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Nilufer Yesilirmak, Neslihan Bukan, Busra Kurt, Sema Yuzbasioglu, Min Zhao, et al.. Evaluation of Ocular and Systemic Oxidative Stress Markers in Ocular Rosacea Patients. Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science, 2023, 64, ⟨10.1167/iovs.64.13.22⟩. ⟨hal-04285541⟩
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