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Journal Articles Heredity Year : 2024

Projection of current and future distribution of adaptive genetic units in an alpine ungulate

Amélie Hoste
Laure Denoyelle
Nikica Šprem

Abstract

Climate projections predict major changes in alpine environments by the end of the 21st century. To avoid climate-induced maladaptation and extinction, many animal populations will either need to move to more suitable habitats or adapt in situ to novel conditions. Since populations of a species exhibit genetic variation related to local adaptation, it is important to incorporate this variation into predictive models to help assess the ability of the species to survive climate change. Here, we evaluate how the adaptive genetic variation of a mountain ungulate-the Northern chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra)-could be impacted by future global warming. Based on genotype-environment association analyses of 429 chamois using a ddRAD sequencing approach, we identified genetic variation associated with climatic gradients across the European Alps. We then delineated adaptive genetic units and projected the optimal distribution of these adaptive groups in the future. Our results suggest the presence of local adaptation to climate in Northern chamois with similar genetic adaptive responses in geographically distant but climatically similar populations. Furthermore, our results predict that future climatic changes will modify the Northern chamois adaptive landscape considerably, with various degrees of maladaptation risk.
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hal-04365084 , version 1 (15-04-2024)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

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Amélie Hoste, Thibaut Capblancq, Thomas Broquet, Laure Denoyelle, Charles Perrier, et al.. Projection of current and future distribution of adaptive genetic units in an alpine ungulate. Heredity, 2024, 132, pp.54-66. ⟨10.1038/s41437-023-00661-2⟩. ⟨hal-04365084⟩
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