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Journal Articles Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica Year : 2023

Social determinants in prenatal antidepressant use and continuation: Systematic review and meta‐analysis

Abstract

Abstract Introduction Depression is one of the most common co‐morbidities during pregnancy; with severe symptoms, antidepressants are sometimes recommended. Social determinants are often linked with antidepressant use in the general population, and it is not known if this is the case for pregnant populations. Our objective was to determine if social determinants are associated with prenatal antidepressant intake via a systematic review and meta‐analysis. Methods A systematic search of five databases was conducted to identify publications from inception to October 2022 that reported associations with prenatal antidepressant intake (use/continuation) and one or more social determinants: education, race, immigration status, relationship, income, or employment. Eligible studies were included in random effects meta‐analyses. Results A total of 23 articles describing 22 studies were included. Education was significantly and positively associated with prenatal antidepressant continuation and heterogeneity was moderate. (Odds ratio = 0.83; 95% CI, 0.78 to 0.89; p < 0.00001; I 2 = 53%). Meta‐analyses of antidepressant use and education, race, and relationship status, and antidepressant continuation and income were not significant with high levels of heterogeneity. Discussion While most social determinants in this review were not linked with prenatal antidepressant intake, lower maternal education level does seem to be associated with lower rates of prenatal antidepressant continuation. Conclusions Education appears to be linked with prenatal antidepressant intake. The low number of included studies precludes conclusive evidence for other social determinants.
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hal-04410898 , version 1 (22-01-2024)

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Ketevan Marr, Charlotte Maguet, Honor Scarlett, Rosemary Dray-Spira, Caroline Dubertret, et al.. Social determinants in prenatal antidepressant use and continuation: Systematic review and meta‐analysis. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 2023, ⟨10.1111/acps.13647⟩. ⟨hal-04410898⟩
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