Pax3 induces target-specific reinnervation through axon collateral expression of PSA-NCAM - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Progress in Neurobiology Year : 2024

Pax3 induces target-specific reinnervation through axon collateral expression of PSA-NCAM

Abstract

Damaged or dysfunctional neural circuits can be replaced after a lesion by axon sprouting and collateral growth from undamaged neurons. Unfortunately, these new connections are often disorganized and rarely produce clinical improvement. Here we investigate how to promote post-lesion axonal collateral growth, while retaining correct cellular targeting. In the mouse olivocerebellar path, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) induces correctly-targeted post-lesion cerebellar reinnervation by remaining intact inferior olivary axons (climbing fibers). In this study we identified cellular processes through which BDNF induces this repair. BDNF injection into the denervated cerebellum upregulates the transcription factor Pax3 in inferior olivary neurons and induces rapid climbing fiber sprouting. Pax3 in turn increases polysialic acid-neural cell adhesion molecule (PSA-NCAM) in the sprouting climbing fiber path, facilitating collateral outgrowth and pathfinding to reinnervate the correct targets, cerebellar Purkinje cells. BDNF-induced reinnervation can be reproduced by olivary Pax3 overexpression, and abolished by olivary Pax3 knockdown, suggesting that Pax3 promotes axon growth and guidance through upregulating PSA-NCAM, probably on the axon's growth cone. These data indicate that restricting growth-promotion to potential reinnervating afferent neurons, as opposed to stimulating the whole circuit or the injury site, allows axon growth and appropriate guidance, thus accurately rebuilding a neural circuit.
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Dates and versions

hal-04478598 , version 1 (30-05-2024)

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J. Sebastian Jara, Hasan X Avci, Ioanna Kouremenou, Mohamed Doulazmi, Joelle Bakouche, et al.. Pax3 induces target-specific reinnervation through axon collateral expression of PSA-NCAM. Progress in Neurobiology, 2024, 232, pp.102560. ⟨10.1016/j.pneurobio.2023.102560⟩. ⟨hal-04478598⟩
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