Extracellular matrix hyaluronan modulates fat cell differentiation and primary cilia dynamics - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Biochimica et Biophysica Acta Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids Year : 2024

Extracellular matrix hyaluronan modulates fat cell differentiation and primary cilia dynamics

Abstract

Hyaluronan is an important extracellular matrix component, with poorly documented physiological role in the context of lipid-rich adipose tissue. We have investigated the global impact of hyaluronan removal from adipose tissue environment by in vitro exposure to exogenous hyaluronidase (or heat inactivated enzyme). Gene set expression analysis from RNA sequencing revealed downregulated adipogenesis as a main response to hyaluronan removal from human adipose tissue samples, which was confirmed by hyaluronidase-mediated inhibition of adipocyte differentiation in the 3T3L1 adipose cell line. Hyaluronidase exposure starting from the time of induction with the differentiation cocktail reduced lipid accumulation in mature adipocytes, limited the expression of terminal differentiation marker genes, and impaired the early induction of co-regulated Cebpa and Pparg mRNA. Reduction of Cebpa and Pparg expression by exogenous hyaluronidase was also observed in cultured primary preadipocytes from subcutaneous, visceral or brown adipose tissue of mice. Mechanistically, inhibition of adipogenesis by hyaluronan removal was not caused by changes in osmotic pressure or cell inflammatory status, could not be mimicked by exposure to threose, a metabolite generated by hyaluronan degradation, and was not linked to alteration in endogenous Wnt ligands expression. Rather, we observed that hyaluronan removal associated with disrupted primary cilia dynamics, with elongated cilium and higher proportions of preadipocytes that remained ciliated in hyaluronidase-treated conditions. Thus, our study points to a new link between ciliogenesis and hyaluronan impacting adipose tissue development.
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Dates and versions

hal-04490430 , version 1 (05-03-2024)

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Krzysztof Drygalski, Romane Higos, Fatiha Merabtene, Patrycja Mojsak, Kamil Grubczak, et al.. Extracellular matrix hyaluronan modulates fat cell differentiation and primary cilia dynamics. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids, 2024, pp.159470. ⟨10.1016/j.bbalip.2024.159470⟩. ⟨hal-04490430⟩
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