(p)ppGpp modifies RNAP function to confer β-lactam resistance in a peptidoglycan-independent manner - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Nature Microbiology Year : 2024

(p)ppGpp modifies RNAP function to confer β-lactam resistance in a peptidoglycan-independent manner

Abstract

(p)ppGpp is a nucleotide alarmone that controls bacterial response to nutrient deprivation. Since elevated (p)ppGpp levels confer mecillinam resistance and are essential for broad-spectrum β-lactam resistance as mediated by the β-lactam-insensitive transpeptidase YcbB (LdtD), we hypothesized that (p)ppGpp might affect cell wall peptidoglycan metabolism. Here we report that (p)ppGpp-dependent β-lactam resistance does not rely on any modification of peptidoglycan metabolism, as established by analysis of Escherichia coli peptidoglycan structure using high-resolution mass spectrometry. Amino acid substitutions in the β or β’ RNA polymerase (RNAP) subunits, alone or in combination with the CRISPR interference-mediated downregulation of three of seven ribosomal RNA operons, were sufficient for resistance, although β-lactams have no known impact on the RNAP or ribosomes. This implies that modifications of RNAP and ribosome functions are critical to prevent downstream effects of the inactivation of peptidoglycan transpeptidases by β-lactams.
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Wednesday, September 4, 2024
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Dates and versions

hal-04492929 , version 1 (06-03-2024)

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Henri Voedts, Constantin Anoyatis-Pelé, Olivier Langella, Filippo Rusconi, Jean-Emmanuel Hugonnet, et al.. (p)ppGpp modifies RNAP function to confer β-lactam resistance in a peptidoglycan-independent manner. Nature Microbiology, 2024, 9 (3), pp.647-656. ⟨10.1038/s41564-024-01609-w⟩. ⟨hal-04492929⟩
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