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Journal Articles Journal of Clinical Microbiology Year : 2024

Sensitivity and specificity of the new Bio-Rad HIV screening test, Access HIV combo V2

Sensibilité et spécificité de l'Access HIV Combo V2, test sérologique de diagnostic VIH.

Abstract

ABSTRACT Diagnosing of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) types 1 and 2 requires a screening with a highly sensitive and specific enzyme immunoassay and a low detection limit for the HIV-1 p24 antigen to minimize the diagnostic window. The objective of the study was to determine the sensitivity, specificity, and p24 limit of detection of the Access HIV combo V2 assay. Retrospective part of sensitivity: 452 HIV-1 positive samples from 403 chronic (9 different HIV-1 group M subtypes, 22 different HIV-1 group M CRFs, and 3 HIV-1 group O), 49 primary HIV-1 infections, 103 HIV-2 positive samples assessed at Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital, 600 untyped HIV-1, 10 subtype-D, and 159 untyped HIV-2 samples assessed in Bio-Rad Laboratories. Prospective part of clinical specificity: all consecutive samples in two blood donor facilities and Pitié-Salpêtrière (6,570 patients) tested with Access HIV combo V2 and respectively Prism HIV O Plus (Abbott) or Architect HIV Ag/Ab Combo (Abbott) for Ag/Ab screening, and Procleix Ultrio (Gen Probe) for HIV RNA screening. Limit of detection for p24 antigen was assessed on recombinant virus-like particles (10 HIV-1 group M subtypes/CRFs, HIV-1 group O). Sensitivity [95% confidence interval (CI)] of Access HIV combo V2 was 100% (99.63–100) for HIV-1 chronic infection, 100% (98.55–100) for HIV-2 chronic infection, and 100% (93.00–100) for HIV-1 primary infection. Specificity (95% CI) was 99.98 (99.91–100). Limit of detection for p24 antigen was around 0.43 IU/mL [interquartile range (0.38–0.56)], and consistent across the 11 analyzed subtypes/CRFs. Hence, with both high sensitivity and specificity, Access HIV combo V2 is a suitable screening assay for HIV-1/2 infection. IMPORTANCE Bio-Rad is one of the leading human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) screening test manufacturers. This laboratory released in 2021 their new version of the Access combo HIV test. However, to date, there have been no studies regarding its performance, especially its limit of detection of the diverse p24 antigen. We present the sensitivity (chronic and primary HIV-1 infection and HIV-2 chronic infection), specificity (blood donors and hospitalized patients), and raw data for the p24/seroconversion panels the manufacturer gave to the European agencies.
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Dates and versions

hal-04525082 , version 1 (28-03-2024)

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Vincent Guiraud, Yann Ciczora, Muriel Cardona, Christine Defer, Sandrine Gréaume, et al.. Sensitivity and specificity of the new Bio-Rad HIV screening test, Access HIV combo V2. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 2024, ⟨10.1128/jcm.00095-24⟩. ⟨hal-04525082⟩
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