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Journal Articles Neurobiology of Disease Year : 2023

mTOR pathway: Insights into an established pathway for brain mosaicism in epilepsy

Abstract

The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway is an essential regulator of numerous cellular activities such as metabolism, growth, proliferation, and survival. The mTOR cascade recently emerged as a critical player in the pathogenesis of focal epilepsies and cortical malformations. The 'mTORopathies' comprise a spectrum of cortical malformations that range from whole brain (megalencephaly) and hemispheric (hemimegalencephaly) abnormalities to focal abnormalities, such as focal cortical dysplasia type II (FCDII), which manifest with drug-resistant epilepsies. The spectrum of cortical dysplasia results from somatic brain mutations in the mTOR pathway activators AKT3, MTOR, PIK3CA, and RHEB and from germline and somatic mutations in mTOR pathway repressors, DEPDC5, NPRL2, NPRL3, TSC1 and TSC2. The mTORopathies are characterized by excessive mTOR pathway activation, leading to a broad range of structural and functional impairments. Here, we provide a comprehensive literature review of somatic mTOR-activating mutations linked to epilepsy and cortical malformations in 292 patients and discuss the perspectives of targeted therapeutics for personalized medicine.
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hal-04540541 , version 1 (10-04-2024)

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Anna Gerasimenko, Sara Baldassari, Stéphanie Baulac. mTOR pathway: Insights into an established pathway for brain mosaicism in epilepsy. Neurobiology of Disease, 2023, 182, pp.106144. ⟨10.1016/j.nbd.2023.106144⟩. ⟨hal-04540541⟩
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