Comorbid parasomnias in narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnia: more REM than NREM parasomnias - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine Year : 2022

Comorbid parasomnias in narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnia: more REM than NREM parasomnias

Abstract

Study objectives: To assess the frequency, determinants, and clinical impact of clinical rapid eye movement (REM) and non-REM (NREM) parasomnias in adult patients with narcolepsy type 1 (NT1), narcolepsy type 2 (NT2), and idiopathic hypersomnia compared with healthy controls. Methods: Familial and past and current personal parasomnias were assessed by questionnaire and medical interviews in 710 patients (220 NT1, 199 NT2, and 221 idiopathic hypersomnia) and 595 healthy controls. Results: Except for sleep-related eating disorder, current NREM parasomnias were rare in all patient groups and controls. Sleep-related eating disorder was more frequent in NT1 patients (7.9% vs 1.8% in NT2 patients, 2.1% in patients with idiopathic hypersomnia, and 1% in controls) and associated with disrupted nighttime sleep (odds ratio = 3.9) and nocturnal eating in full awareness (odds ratio = 6.9) but not with sex. Clinical REM sleep behavior disorder was more frequent in NT1 patients (41.4%, half being violent) than in NT2 patients (13.2%) and affected men more often than women (odds ratio = 2.4). It was associated with disrupted nighttime sleep, depressive symptoms, and antidepressant use. Frequent (> 1/week) nightmares were reported by 39% of patients with NT1, 29% with NT2, and 27.8% with idiopathic hypersomnia (vs 8.3% in controls) and were associated with depressive symptoms in narcolepsy. No parasomnia (except sleep-related hallucinations) worsened daytime sleepiness. Conclusions: In patients with central disorders of hypersomnolence, comorbid NREM parasomnias (except for sleep-related eating disorder) are rare and do not worsen sleepiness. In contrast, REM parasomnias are prevalent (especially in NT1) and are associated with male sex, disrupted nighttime sleep, depressive symptoms, and antidepressant use. Citation: Leu-Semenescu S, Maranci J-B, Lopez R, et al. Comorbid parasomnias in narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnia: more REM than NREM parasomnias. J Clin Sleep Med. 2022;18(5):1355-1364.

Dates and versions

hal-04588552 , version 1 (27-05-2024)

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Smaranda Leu-Semenescu, Jean-Baptiste Maranci, Régis Lopez, Xavier Drouot, Pauline Dodet, et al.. Comorbid parasomnias in narcolepsy and idiopathic hypersomnia: more REM than NREM parasomnias. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 2022, 18 (5), pp.1355-1364. ⟨10.5664/jcsm.9862⟩. ⟨hal-04588552⟩
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