Improved microsatellite instability detection and identification by nuclease-assisted microsatellite instability enrichment using HSP110 T17 - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Clinical Chemistry Year : 2018

Improved microsatellite instability detection and identification by nuclease-assisted microsatellite instability enrichment using HSP110 T17

Abstract

Microsatellite instability (MSI)1 is characterized by the accumulation of mutations (insertions or deletions of several nucleotides) in microsatellites, caused by DNA mismatch repair system deficiency. Approximately 15% to 20% of colorectal cancers (CRCs) present with MSI, the origin of which can be sporadic or owing to genetic predisposition to Lynch syndrome/hereditary nonpolyposis CRC or constitutional mismatch repair deficiency syndrome. The MSI phenotype is associated with a better survival rate for patients with stage II/III CRC and is also a major predictive biomarker for the efficacy of immune checkpoint blockade therapy in metastatic CRC. The gold standard method for MSI detection includes standard PCR followed by fragment analysis using the Bethesda or the Pentaplex panel, each composed of 5 microsatellite markers. However, this approach can lack analytical sensitivity, thus limiting potential clinical applications.
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Dates and versions

cea-02291366 , version 1 (21-09-2023)

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Laura G. Baudrin, Alex Duval, Antoine Daunay, Olivier Buhard, Hung Bui, et al.. Improved microsatellite instability detection and identification by nuclease-assisted microsatellite instability enrichment using HSP110 T17. Clinical Chemistry, 2018, 64 (8), pp.1252-1253. ⟨10.1373/clinchem.2018.287490⟩. ⟨cea-02291366⟩
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