Asthma and allergies in schoolchildren of Maputo.

Abstract : AIM: The study aimed to determine prevalence and severity of asthma, rhinitis and eczema in Maputo, Mozambique. METHODS: The International Study of Asthma and Allergies (ISAAC) protocol was applied in 27 schools in urban, suburban and semi-rural areas. RESULTS: A total of 2630 completed questionnaires were obtained from students aged 13-14 years, and 2383 from schoolchildren aged 6-7 years. The prevalence of current asthma was 13.3% in the two groups, the prevalence of rhinoconjuctivitis and eczema was 23% and 10% in teenagers and 8.8% and 8.5% respectively in children 6-7 years old. Overall, 35% of the adolescents and 23.8% of children were found to have at least one atopic condition or asthma in the last year. In symptomatic adolescents, the conditions were: rhinoconjuctivitis (41.3%), asthma (20%) and eczema (12.4%). In symptomatic children, asthma was the principal condition (36.2%), followed by eczema (20.3%) and rhinoconjunctivitis (19.1%). In adolescents, asthma was more frequently associated with rhinoconjuctivitis (28%). About 4% of all surveyed children had three atopic conditions associated. In adolescents, past year rhinitis was more frequent and severe in the urban area. Hay fever was commoner in the semi-urban area. Eczema was significantly more recurrent in suburban and semi-rural area. Exercise-induced wheeze, nocturnal cough and ever asthma were more reported in children of suburban area. CONCLUSION: Asthma and allergic diseases are important public health problems in Maputo and improvement in prevention and management plans are required.
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Journal articles
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https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-00595705
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 25, 2011 - 1:38:00 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, August 13, 2019 - 12:50:08 PM

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S. Mavale-Manuel, O. Joaquim, C. Macome, L. Almeida, E. Nunes, et al.. Asthma and allergies in schoolchildren of Maputo.. Allergy, Wiley, 2007, 62 (3), pp.265-71. ⟨10.1111/j.1398-9995.2006.01251.x⟩. ⟨hal-00595705⟩

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