Risk factors for symptoms of childhood asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema in the Pacific: an ISAAC Phase III study. - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Year : 2008

Risk factors for symptoms of childhood asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema in the Pacific: an ISAAC Phase III study.

S. Foliaki
  • Function : Author
N. Tuuau-Potoi
  • Function : Author
L. Waqatakirewa
  • Function : Author
S. Cheng
  • Function : Author
J. Douwes
  • Function : Author
N. Pearce
  • Function : Author

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Phase III of the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) was conducted in eight Pacific countries, five of which (Samoa, Fiji, Tokelau, French Polynesia and New Caledonia) collected environmental questionnaire (EQ) data. We report the findings of the EQ analyses below. RESULTS: The major factors associated with current wheeze were regular margarine consumption (prevalence odds ratio [POR] 1.19, 95%CI 1.01-1.40), paracetamol use (POR 1.35, 95%CI 1.11-1.64), electric cooking (POR 1.42, 95%CI 1.11-1.80), regular exercise (POR 1.44, 95%CI 1.18-1.75) and maternal smoking (POR 1.16, 95%CI 1.01-1.33). Protective factors included having older siblings (two or more POR 0.69, 95%CI 0.58-0.82; one POR 0.86, 95%CI 0.71-1.05), and being born in the country of the survey (POR 0.74, 95%CI 0.63-0.87). Risk factors for rhinoconjunctivitis included regular consumption of meat, butter, margarine and nuts, regular exercise, regular television viewing, paracetamol use and passive smoking. Eczema was associated with regular meat, pasta and butter consumption, regular television viewing, paracetamol use and passive smoking. CONCLUSIONS: Regular meat and margarine consumption, paracetamol use, electric cooking and passive smoking are risk factors for symptoms of asthma, rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema in the Pacific. However, most of these associations were weak, and account for only a small proportion of cases.
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Dates and versions

hal-00595984 , version 1 (26-05-2011)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-00595984 , version 1
  • PUBMED : 18544207

Cite

S. Foliaki, Isabella Annesi-Maesano, N. Tuuau-Potoi, L. Waqatakirewa, S. Cheng, et al.. Risk factors for symptoms of childhood asthma, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and eczema in the Pacific: an ISAAC Phase III study.. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 2008, 12 (7), pp.799-806. ⟨hal-00595984⟩
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