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SST patterns and dynamics of the southern Senegal-Gambia upwelling center

Abstract : The southern end of the Canary current system comprises of an original upwelling center that has so far received little attention, the Southern Senegal-Gambia Upwelling Center (SSUC). We investigate its dynamical functioning by taking advantage of favorable conditions in terms of limited cloud coverage. Analyses and careful examinations of over 1500 satellite images of sea surface temperature scenes contex-tualized with respect to wind conditions confirm the regularity and stability of the SSUC dynamical function-ing (as manifested by the recurrence and persistence of particular SST patterns). The analyses also reveal subtle aspects of its upwelling structure: shelf break cooling of surface waters consistent with internal tide breaking/mixing; complex interplay between local upwelling and the Mauritanian current off the Cape Verde headland; complexity of the inner-shelf/mid shelf frontal transition. The amplitude of the diurnal cycle suggests that large uncertainties exist in the SSUC heat budget. The studies limitations underscore the need for continuous in situ measurement in the SSUC, particularly of winds.
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Siny Ndoye, Xavier Capet, Philippe Estrade, Bamol Sow, Dominique Dagorne, et al.. SST patterns and dynamics of the southern Senegal-Gambia upwelling center. Journal of Geophysical Research. Oceans, Wiley-Blackwell, 2014, 119 (12), pp.8315-8335. ⟨10.1002/2014JC010242⟩. ⟨hal-01103312⟩

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