Magnetic resonance cholangiography: Current and future perspectives - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology Year : 2015

Magnetic resonance cholangiography: Current and future perspectives

Abstract

Magnetic resonance cholangiography (MRC) has become the standard of reference for imaging of the biliary ducts. The use of three-dimensional (3D) sequences has resulted in improved spatial resolution with virtually isotropic voxel and improved signal/noise ratio. In addition to MRC images, 3D fat suppressed T1-weighted MR images should be systematically obtained to search for intrahepatic calculi. MRC plays a major role in the diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma and assessment of its resectability. With modern MR systems the performance of MR is basically the same that of CT for evaluation of arterial and portal vein extent. MRC is a key imaging modality for the diagnosis of primary sclerosing cholangitis. Different imaging patterns may be observed including multifocal intra- and extrahepatic strictures alternating with slightly dilated ducts. Focal signal abnormality of the liver parenchyma and focal parenchymal atrophy represent the consequences of biliary duct obstruction on liver parenchyma. Diagnosis of biliary lithiasis is performed by combination of MRC and T1-weighted MR imaging. MRC can be performed for the diagnosis of secondary cholangitis including ascending cholangitis, ischemic cholangitis and IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis. Hepatobiliary contrast agents could be used for demonstrating the site of biliary duct leakage after surgery and for functional imaging. MR imaging can also be used to determine the prognosis of PSC. The inherent limitations of MRC of bile ducts are still the suboptimal spatial resolution for evaluation of distal intrahepatic biliary ducts.
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Dates and versions

hal-01188797 , version 1 (31-08-2015)

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Lionel Arrivé, Marianne Hodoul, Antoune Arbache, Lucie Slavikova-Boucher, Yves Menu, et al.. Magnetic resonance cholangiography: Current and future perspectives. Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology, 2015, 39 (6), pp.659-664. ⟨10.1016/j.clinre.2015.07.005⟩. ⟨hal-01188797⟩
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