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Numerical Study of a Monolithic Fluid-Structure Formulation


The conservation laws of continuum mechanic are naturally written in an Eulerian frame where the difference between a fluid and a solid is only in the expression of the stress tensors, usually with Newton's hypothesis for the fluids and Helmholtz potentials of energy for hyperelastic solids. There are currently two favored approaches to Fluid Structured Interactions (FSI) both working with the equations for the solid in the initial domain; one uses an ALE formulation for the fluid and the other matches the fluid-structure interfaces using Lagrange multipliers and the immersed boundary method. By contrast the proposed formulation works in the frame of physically deformed solids and proposes a discretization where the structures have large displacements computed in the deformed domain together with the fluid in the same; in such a monolithic formulation velocities of solids and fluids are computed all at once in a single variational formulation by a semi-implicit in time and the finite element method. Besides the simplicity of the formulation the advantage is a single algorithm for a variety of problems including multi-fluids, free boundaries and FSI. The idea is not new but the progress of mesh generators renders this approach feasible and even reasonably robust. In this article the method and its discretization are presented, stability is discussed showing in a loose fashion were are the difficulties and why one is able to show convergence of monolithic algorithms on fixed domains for fluids in compliant shell vessels restricted to small displacements. A numerical section discusses implementation issues and presents a few simple tests.
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hal-01270463 , version 1 (08-02-2016)




Olivier Pironneau. Numerical Study of a Monolithic Fluid-Structure Formulation. Aldo Friedriani. Variational Analysis and Aerospace Engineering, 116, Springer Verlag, pp.401-420, 2016, Springer Optimization and Its Applications, 978-3-319-45679-9. ⟨10.1007/978-3-319-45680-5⟩. ⟨hal-01270463⟩
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