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Journal Articles European physical journal quantum technology Year : 2016

Macroscopic Quantum Resonators (MAQRO): 2015 update

1 Vienna Center for Quantum Science and Technology
2 Department of Physics and Astronomy [UCL London]
3 INFN, Sezione di Trieste - Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Trieste
4 Department of Physics
5 Department of Physics [Swansea]
6 School of Physics and Astronomy [Birmingham]
7 DLR - German Aerospace Center
8 ZARM - Center of Applied Space Technology and Microgravity
9 IQOQI - Institute of Quantum Optics and Quantum Information
10 ONERA - The French Aerospace Lab [Châtillon]
11 Airbus Defence and Space Germany
12 LKB (Jussieu) - Laboratoire Kastler Brossel
13 Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati dell’INFN
14 SUPA School of Physics and Astronomy [University of St Andrews]
15 Wigner Research Centre for Physics [Budapest]
16 Institut fur Physik, Humboldt Universitat zu Berlin
17 Institut für Quantenoptik
18 Photonics Laboratory [ETH Zürich]
19 ESO - European Southern Observatory
20 NORDITA - Nordic Institute for Theoretical Physics
21 Quantum Optics and Laser Science, Blackett Laboratory
22 ARC Centre for Engineered Quantum Systems
23 Department of Physics [Berkeley]
24 Centre for Theoretical Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
25 CfA - Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics
27 Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics [Waterloo]
28 Institut für Quantenphysik
29 Texas A & M University Institute for Advanced Study
30 Applied Physics
31 Institut für Luft -und Raumfahrttechnik
32 Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia [Firenze]
33 School of Physics and Astronomy [Southampton]
34 Clarendon Laboratory [Oxford]
35 CQT - Centre for Quantum Technologies [Singapore]
Astrid Lambrecht
André Pilan zanoni
  • Function : Author
Serge Reynaud
Loïc Rondin
Keith C Schwab
  • Function : Author


Do the laws of quantum physics still hold for macroscopic objects-this is at the heart of Schrödinger's cat paradox-or do gravitation or yet unknown effects set a limit for massive particles? What is the fundamental relation between quantum physics and gravity? Ground-based experiments addressing these questions may soon face limitations due to limited free-fall times and the quality of vacuum and microgravity. The proposed mission Macroscopic Quantum Resonators (MAQRO) may overcome these limitations and allow addressing such fundamental questions. MAQRO harnesses recent developments in quantum optomechanics, high-mass matter-wave interferometry as well as state-of-the-art space technology to push macroscopic quantum experiments towards their ultimate performance limits and to open new horizons for applying quantum technology in space. The main scientific goal is to probe the vastly unexplored 'quantum-classical' transition for increasingly massive objects, testing the predictions of quantum theory for objects in a size and mass regime unachievable in ground-based experiments. The hardware will largely be based on available space technology. Here, we present the MAQRO proposal submitted in response to the 4th Cosmic Vision call for a medium-sized mission (M4) in 2014 of the European Space Agency (ESA) with a possible launch in 2025, and we review the progress with respect to the original MAQRO proposal for the 3rd Cosmic Vision call for a medium-sized mission (M3) in 2010. In particular, the updated proposal overcomes several critical issues of the original proposal by relying on established experimental techniques from high-mass matter-wave interferometry and by introducing novel ideas for particle loading and manipulation. Moreover, the mission design was improved to better fulfill the stringent environmental requirements for macroscopic quantum experiments.
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Dates and versions

hal-01296939 , version 1 (05-04-2016)





Rainer Kaltenbaek, Markus Aspelmeyer, Peter F Barker, Angelo Bassi, James Bateman, et al.. Macroscopic Quantum Resonators (MAQRO): 2015 update. European physical journal quantum technology, 2016, 3 (1), pp.5. ⟨10.1140/epjqt/s40507-016-0043-7⟩. ⟨hal-01296939⟩
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