The thioredoxin encoded by the Rod-derived Cone Viability Factor gene protects cone photoreceptors against oxidative stress - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Antioxidants and Redox Signaling Year : 2016

The thioredoxin encoded by the Rod-derived Cone Viability Factor gene protects cone photoreceptors against oxidative stress

Xin Mei
  • Function : Author
Ying Yang
  • Function : Author
Deniz Dalkara
José-Alain Sahel
Thierry Leveillard
  • Function : Correspondent author
  • PersonId : 852904

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Abstract

Aims: Rod-derived cone viability factor long (RdCVFL) is an enzymatically active thioredoxin encoded by the nucleoredoxin-like-1 (Nxnl1) gene. The second product of the gene, RdCVF, made by alternative splicing is a novel trophic factor secreted by rods that protects cones in rodent models of retinitis pigmentosa, the most prevalent inherited retinal disease. It acts on the cones by stimulating aerobic glycolysis through its interaction with a complex containing basigin-1 and the glucose transport GLUT1. We studied the role of Nxnl1 in cones after its homologous recombination using a transgenic line expressing Cre recombinase under the control of a cone opsin promoter. Results: We show that the cones of these mice are dysfunctional and degenerate by 8 months of age. The age-related deficit in cones is exacerbated in young animals by exposure to high level of oxygen. In agreement with this phenotype, we found that the cones express only one of the two Nxnl1 gene products, the thioredoxin RdCVFL. Administration of RdCVFL to the mouse carrying a deletion of the Nxnl1 gene in cones reduces the damage produced by oxidative stress. Silencing the expression of RdCVFL in cone-enriched culture reduces cell viability showing that RdCVFL is a cell-autonomous mechanism of protection. Innovation: This novel mode of action is certainly relevant for the therapy of retinitis pigmentosa since the delivery into cones of the rd10 mouse, a recessive model of the disease, rescues cones. Conclusion: Our work highlights the duality of the Nxnl1 gene which protects the cones by two distinct mechanisms.

Domains

Genetics
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Dates and versions

hal-01297482 , version 1 (04-04-2016)

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Xin Mei, Antoine Chaffiol, Christo Kole, Ying Yang, Géraldine Millet-Puel, et al.. The thioredoxin encoded by the Rod-derived Cone Viability Factor gene protects cone photoreceptors against oxidative stress. Antioxidants and Redox Signaling, 2016, ⟨10.1089/ars.2015.6509⟩. ⟨hal-01297482⟩
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